Pakhira - home care, main types
A kind of plant like pahira (Pachira) is directly related to the family of mallow, but there are sources in which it belongs to the family of baobabs. This genus unites 24 species of various plants, while some of them can have fruits.
The most common species that is used for indoor cultivation is water pachira (aquatic). This plant has edible fruits. Outwardly, it is somewhat similar to a bottle tree and, by the way, it can be grown like a bonsai. This is a slow-growing plant, but if it is well looked after, then the tree can grow up to 3 meters in height.
In a room culture, this plant is often grown as a single, but it is quite realistic to grow a very effective tree with several trunks. To do this, several strong young seedlings should be planted in one pot at once. As they grow, their trunks intertwine. Three years later, your house will be decorated with an incredibly spectacular plant with a fancy interlaced trunk.
Homemade Funeral Care
The plant needs a bright but diffused light. In this regard, the window of eastern or western orientation will be the best place for its location. This plant will feel quite well near the south window, but in this case, it will need shading from direct sunlight in the hours from 10 am to 5 pm.When placed near the window of the northern orientation, the pachyre will not have enough light, because of this it will stretch out and lose its spectacular appearance. In the warm season, it can be transferred to fresh air, but for accommodation you should choose a place that will be well protected from rain, direct sunlight and draft. But only to accustom the plant to a new location is necessary gradually.
In the spring-summer period, the pakhira will feel great at a temperature of 21-25 degrees. In winter, you need a cool 15-16 degrees. In the cold season, the plant should be removed away from heating appliances, and also it should be protected from drafts. Otherwise, it can begin to hurt, which sometimes leads to death.
How to water
For watering, you should use soft water, which must be tepid. Watering the plant is recommended very carefully along the contour of the pot, while not allowing the base of the trunk to get wet. Bottom watering is best. In the warm season, watering is done immediately after the topsoil dries. From mid-autumn to the end of winter, watering should be less plentiful. In the event that there is an excess of moisture, the trunk will rot, and if it is lacking, the leaves begin to fade.
It feels quite comfortable in low humidity conditions in the apartment. Spraying the plant is not necessary, but if it is regularly done in the morning and evening hours, then it will react positively to it.However, spraying should be very careful. So, moisture should fall only on the leaves. If it gets on the trunk, this can provoke the appearance of rot.
From the middle of the spring to the end of the summer period, the pakhira needs regular top dressing, which should be done a little more often than once every 4 weeks. To do this, use complex mineral fertilizer for indoor plants in the concentration that is proposed on the package. In the autumn-winter period, fertilizers can not be applied to the soil.
Stems that stretched over the winter, with the onset of the spring period, must be cut. Several young stems begin to grow at once from the cut point, due to which the crown becomes even more magnificent.
Young specimens need an annual transplant. It is carried out in mid-March. For transplantation, choose a low pot, which will be only slightly wider than the previous one. It should be borne in mind that you cannot use a deep pot for planting, since the pachira in it will grow poorly and constantly hurt.
At the bottom, make sure a good drainage layer. Suitable for transplanting earth mixture consists of turf and leaf soil, as well as sand, which should be taken in equal shares. It is also recommended to pour a little brick chips or charcoal into the earthen mixture. This plant can be planted in a purchased earth mixture, which is intended for dracaena.
If you decide to grow pachira from seeds, then do not forgetthat during storage, the seeds gradually lose their germination capacity. Seeding is done on top of the soil, and they are only slightly sprinkled with earth. After spraying the substrate, the container is covered with glass or film. For germination, the seeds need a high temperature (25–27 degrees), so lower heating is desirable. Systematic ventilation is required. As a rule, the first seedlings can be seen in 3-4 weeks.
At the end of the summer period, the plant can be propagated by cuttings. There must be a heel on the cuttings. For rooting as soon as possible, they need to provide increased humidity and heat (26–28 degrees).
Pests and diseases
A spider mite or scab can settle.
- Plant decay - with abundant watering or if water often fell on the trunk.
- Leaflets curl and turn brownish at the edges - low air temperature or sudden changes in night and day temperatures.
- Specks on the foliage - may appear due to direct sunlight.
- Leaflets turn brownish around the edges - poor watering, dry air or drafts.
- Shoots are pulled - due to lack of light.
The main types
Pachira aquatica or Pachira aquatic (Pachira aquatica)
It is found in nature in the tropical zones of South America. If the plant is provided with proper care, then its height in indoor conditions will reach 3 meters, while the diameter of the crown is one and a half meters. For a long time, pakhira can do without watering, during this period it uses liquid that accumulates in a barrel similar to a bottle.If watering is too plentiful, then this will affect the plant extremely negatively, it may even die.
Its leaves are similar to the leaves of a chestnut, therefore pakhira is also called “Guinean chestnut”. Palm-complex leathery leaves are painted dark green. At home, it practically does not bloom. The flowers of this plant may be yellowish or white, the color depends on the variety. Flowers are collected in inflorescences in the form of a panicle. The fruit is presented in the form of oval berries, which can reach 10-25 centimeters in length. The seeds inside the fruit are edible.
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