Gloxinia: home care, reproduction and transplantation
Gloxinia (Gloxinia) is a member of the Gesneriaceae family. This flowering plant is represented by shrubs and tropical herbaceous perennials. This flower comes from South and Central America, where it prefers to grow on rocks in Mexico, in the deciduous forests of Peru and Brazil, on the river banks and in the Andes. Another gloxinia is called Sinningia, so the flower was named after William Sinning, who was a gardener at Boston University, this person spent most of his life hybridizing and breeding gloxinia. The result of his labors was the emergence of home or hybrid gloxinia, which has a large number of hybrids and varieties.
Indoor gloxinia is a tuberous perennial plant. Her shoots are short, and the juicy leafy plates are velvety and have a bright green color. Velvety bell-shaped flowers can be double or simple, they are painted in red, purple, pink and white, and there are also frilly, speckled and two-tone. In diameter, such flowers reach 70 mm, and in length - 50 mm. Gloxinia has a large number of seeds that are very small in size. Under natural conditions, there are 25 species of this plant, however, breeders mainly work only with beautiful gloxinia and royal gloxinia.
Royal Gloxinia (Gloxinia regina)
This flowering plant has thickened shoots, the height of which does not exceed 100 mm. On the surface of dark green plates there is pubescence, streaks of silver color are located on the upper side, and pale red on the bottom. Shirokoovovalny leaves are located opposite on 4–6 pieces, in length they reach 15–20 centimeters. On long peduncles, drooping dark purple bell-shaped flowers are located, reaching in diameter 70 mm, and in length - 50 mm.
Beautiful gloxinia (Gloxinia speciosa)
This herbaceous plant has long-leafly wide-oval leaf blades, they taper to the base. Such leaves are painted uniformly green. Flowers, depending on the variety, can have a different shape, they are painted in red, blue, purple, white, purple or pink, there are forms with a white border around the edge.
This flower has some features that the grower needs to know about:
- When the flowering is completed, the part of the plant located above the ground will die. It is very important to wait until this process ends.
- Before the plant begins a dormant period, it needs to be fed and fertilizers are used for this, in which there is no nitrogen, for example, potassium monophosphate.
- A pot for such a flower needs a big enough. So, an adult gloxinia needs to be planted in a pot, in diameter reaching at least 15 centimeters.
- In order for the flowering to last throughout the year, it is necessary to equip a warm shelf or shelf for such plants, where the bushes will be illuminated for 14 hours a day.
Care for home flowers. Gloxinia.
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Gloxinia Care at Home
When growing gloxinia in room conditions, it is necessary to choose a spacious place for it, which should be very well lit, while the light needs bright, but diffused. The optimal daylight hours for such a flower is 12-14 hours. In this regard, it will need lighting, especially during long nights. To find out if the plant has enough light is very simple: if the stem is short and the leaf plates of a dark green color are placed horizontally, then this means that everything is fine. With a lack of light, the stem and foliage will stretch upward.It is very important to remember that direct rays of the sun should not fall on such a flower, because they can destroy the plant. It should also be remembered that gloxinia reacts extremely negatively to drafts, in this regard, the window where it stands cannot be opened in any case.
Gloxinia needs high humidity, but it should be remembered that it can not be sprayed, since the liquid should not fall on its foliage and flowers. In this regard, to increase humidity, it is recommended to place open vessels filled with water next to the flower.
During the growing season, this flower culture will be enough normal room temperature. However, during the dormant period, the flower should be rearranged in a cool place (about 10 degrees). Carefully monitor the flower, and you yourself will understand when he will miss something. So, if the room is too hot, then the foliage near the bush begins to reach up. And if he is cold, then the sheet plates fall below the edge of the container.
How to water
During the growing season, watering the flower should be done through a tray or you can use the upper watering, while trying to prevent droplets of water from falling on either foliage or flowers. Watering the plant is necessary only when the top layer of the soil mixture dries. From the last days of August, watering begins to be carried out less and less, since by the end of October the flower should gradually enter a dormant period. Water gloxinia on time and do not allow fluid to stagnate in the substrate. For irrigation, use filtered or well-settled water, which should be slightly warmer (1–2 degrees) at room temperature.
Top dressing is carried out during intensive growth 1 time per decade, for this they use a complete complex fertilizer for decorative flowering plants. They stop feeding gloxinia from the second half of August. If you do not feed it at all, then this is extremely negative for both the growth and flowering of the bush. For example: a flower begins to grow more slowly, buds become smaller, the color of the flowers becomes less bright, the bush loses its former decorativeness, and the duration of flowering is reduced.
With an insufficient amount of boron in the substrate, gloxinia can begin to cause problems. You can understand this in the summer, when the day is maximum: deep notches form on the edge of the foliage. To fix this, the plant is fed a borax solution (2%). However, with top dressing, one should not overdo it, since an excess of fertilizers also negatively affects the plant.
Every year, at the end of the dormant period, the bush is transplanted into a new container. In this case, the substrate is taken exactly the same as for begonias or violets. If desired, the finished soil mixture can be purchased at a specialized store, and you can also do it yourself: for this, combine humus and leafy soil, as well as sand in a 1: 2: 1 ratio.
The transplant is carried out in February. To do this, you need to remove the flower from the container along with an earthen lump, then it is transferred to a new container, which should be only slightly more than the old one. At the bottom of the pot, do not forget to make a good drainage layer, which is sprinkled on top with a thin layer of substrate. Then you need to gradually add soil mixture and compact it. As a result, tubers should be submerged in the soil mixture only ½ part. Thus, the primary planting of this flower is also carried out.
Care after flowering
After the flowering is over, as a rule, this happens in May or June, it will be necessary to cut the stem, and also almost all the leaf plates, from 2 to 4 lower leaves should remain on the bush. In the axils of these leaves stepchildren should grow in the near future, from them 2 most powerful ones should be chosen, and the remaining ones should be cut.Experts advise to feed gloxinia with fertilizers for growth during this period, and 4 weeks after the buds appear, the plant will need fertilizers for flowering. Most often, repeated flowering is more scarce when compared with the first. In some cases, flowering lasts all summer, and then the plant does not bloom again. After the plant fades completely, it is necessary to gradually reduce watering, and also stop feeding it. When the leaf plates turn yellow and dry, the tops must be shortened so that a stump remains on the tuber, reaching a length of 10–20 mm.
The rest period in gloxinia from A to Z. Storage of gloxinia tubers in winter at rest
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After the bush is trimmed for wintering, it should be removed to a cool and dark place where it will be stored until the last days of February. Do not allow the tubers to completely dry in the winter, for this the substrate will need to be moistened 1 or 2 times in 4 weeks. Also, gloxinia can be stored for the winter under the bath or put away on an insulated loggia.
There is another way to store this plant in the winter. To do this, you will have to remove the tubers from the pot in the fall. And since gloxinia is transplanted in the last days of January or the first - in February with a complete replacement of the substrate, in the fall extracting tubers from the pot will not be a burdensome task. All residual substrate should be removed from the tuber, then it is removed in a bag with a lock made of polyethylene. Pour the soil mixture into the bag, connected to vermiculite (1: 1), then fasten it tightly and put it on storage on the shelf of the refrigerator, designed for vegetables. With this storage, the tuber will definitely not dry without watering and will lie all 3 or 4 months before planting.
A very young raspberry grown from a seed winter in a pot. He should provide moderate watering so that it can survive the winter.
In flower shops, you can, if you wish, purchase seeds of various varieties of gloxinia and try to grow a flower from them with your own hands. But you should be prepared for the fact that this event may not give the expected results.
First of all, you should buy the seeds of this flower, and experienced growers recommend choosing granular seeds. As a rule, on a packet with seeds, the germination period is written from 4 to 6 months, and sometimes 9 or 10 months, but this is only in the case when sowing is done in autumn or winter. For seedlings to appear as soon as possible, sowing should be done in March. For crops, you need a mini-greenhouse, which you can buy in the store or do it yourself: for this, in a deep plastic container with a lid, you need to place peat tablets that need to be soaked. Then granules with seeds are laid out on these tablets; they do not need to be buried in the substrate. To prevent air from stagnating in the greenhouse you built, several holes must be made in the lid for ventilation. Mini-greenhouse should be removed in a well-lit and warm (from 22 to 23 degrees) place. For 10-15 days, the substrate must be moistened very carefully if necessary. After which it remains only to wait until the seedlings appear.
After the seedlings appear and grow up, they should be planted in individual disposable cups along with peat tablets. And after a while they are planted in permanent pots.
Growing GLOXINIA from seeds. The whole process from sowing to seedlings
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How to propagate by leaf plates
Propagation of gloxinia with leafy cuttings in comparison with generative is a much more reliable method. Therefore, if there is such an opportunity, it is better to opt for this method of reproduction.Since the leaf plates of this plant are quite large, you should find either the smallest leaf or a large plate must be divided into parts. The sheet must be cut across parallel to the transversely spaced veins. The petiole on the plate needs to be shortened to 20 mm, not more. Note that you need to cut the plate with a very sharp tool, otherwise uneven edges may begin to rot over time.
Parts of the leaf plate should be planted in individual pots filled with a slightly moistened light soil mixture. They are placed in a small greenhouse or covered with a plastic bag on top. For four weeks, airing or watering the leaf stalk is not necessary. After the specified time, parts of the sheet plate should take root, and they must be gradually accustomed to living in room conditions, for this it is necessary to open the shelter for some time. A greenhouse with rooted leafy cuttings should be put in a warm and bright place.
🌼 Gloxinia, planting leaves, the results of my cultivation! 🌼🌱How to grow gloxinia part No. 21
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Diseases and pests
Gloxinia, like many other plants grown at home, is susceptible to various diseases. Most often, those flowers that are improperly taken care of are ill.
Gray rot - brown spots appear on the foliage of the affected specimen. Cut out all the affected parts of the plant and spray the bush with a solution of the fungicidal preparation.
Root rot - gloxinia is most often affected by it. The root system turns dark brown, and the rotting of the stem at the base is also observed, after which the flower dies. This disease develops if cold water is used to water the bush, and it can also happen if the liquid stagnates in the substrate all the time.
In addition, such a flower can affect the black leg, late blight, powdery mildew and other fungal diseases. For prevention, spray the plant with Fitosporin, and in order to cure a diseased bush, it must be treated with Fundazole.
This plant is susceptible to disease and viral diseases, the main carriers of which are spider mites or cyclamen mites and thrips.
Cyclamen mites very small, and they can be seen only with a microscope. However, if there are a lot of ticks, then their accumulation can be seen on the wrong surface of the leaves, while they look like a layer of ordinary dust. It is possible to understand that such ticks settled on gloxinia by the following signs: deformation and thickening of leaf plates are observed, while at the edge they are turned down, twisting of the stem, wilting of buds, deformation of the petals on the flowers and drying of the tops of the shoots also occur.
Spider mite also very hard to see. This pest also settles on the underside of the foliage, while it sucks the cell sap from the plant. A sign of infection of the plant with a spider mite is the presence of white dots on the surface of the leaf plates, which eventually turn into brownish-yellow spots. If there are a lot of pests on the bush, then on its surface you can find a thin web.
If settled on gloxinia thrips, then on its sheet plates appear dashes, dots and spots of light color, while the undamaged portion of the plate acquires a silvery sheen. After a while, these areas dry up, and on the lower side they turn brown, while the edges of the plate are turned upward. Treat the bush 3 times with an interval of 7 days with an insecticidal agent (Karbofos, Aktellik, Aktara or Fitoverm), after which you will need to replace the top layer of the substrate or completely change it. This is done because the pest larvae go into the substrate.The same insecticides can also destroy ticks, but in this case, the replacement of the soil mixture will not be needed.
With proper care, the tropical beauty gloxinia can live up to 10 years, delighting its owners with colorful flowering. Moreover, the older and more developed the plant, the more flowers will be on it. Sometimes their number reaches 50 pieces!
- Brown stains on gloxinia leaves - this indicates the ingress of water on them, as well as the use of too cold water for irrigation.
- Gloxinia leaves turn yellow - A sign of overdried or too humid air, direct sunlight or an excess of fertilizer.
- Gloxinia leaves twist - this occurs with excessive feeding and with exposure to drafts.
- Elongated pale leaves - A sign of lack of lighting.
- Plaque in gray on flowers and leaves - This indicates damage to the plant with gray rot.
- Flowers remain hidden under the leaves - this occurs when the daylight is short or the temperature is too low.
THE MOST BEAUTIFUL varieties GLOXINIUM
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