Ceropegia: home care, transplantation and reproduction
The flowering plant of ceropegia (Ceropegia) belongs to the family Laceae, or Kutrovye. In nature, it can be found in the tropical regions of Africa and Asia. The name of the culture comes from the Greek word translated as “candelabrum”, it is associated with the flowers of the vine, which have an unusual shape. This genus unites more than 180 species, while some of them are cultivated by flower growers.
Short description of growing
- Bloom. With good care and optimal conditions for growth, the ceropegia blooms almost year-round, but its flowers do not have a high decorative effect.
- Illumination. Needs a lot of bright sunlight. In the summer, at lunchtime, when the sun is most active, the bush needs a little shading.
- Temperature mode. During the growing season, the air temperature should be from 20 to 25 degrees. With the beginning of autumn, the temperature should be gradually reduced, and in winter it should be at a level of 14 to 16 degrees, but not lower than 11 degrees.
- Watering. In the spring-autumn period, the plant is watered moderately immediately after the drying of the upper layer of the soil mixture. In winter, the number of irrigations is reduced, and the substrate is moistened only after 3 days have passed since the top layer dries.
- Air humidity. It can be any.
- Fertilizer. Young bushes do not need to be fed. Adult specimens need regular top dressing, which is carried out in the spring-summer period every 20 days. To do this, use a solution of mineral fertilizer for orchids or succulents, while taking ½ of the dose, which is recommended by the manufacturer. During the autumn-winter period, fertilizers are not introduced into the soil mixture.
- Rest period. Not pronounced, observed in winter.
- Transfer. While the young bush is replanted annually in spring, an adult plant does not need frequent transplants, they are carried out only if necessary.
- Breeding. Cuttings, division of the rhizome and seed method.
- Diseases. Fungal rot.
- Harmful insects. Mealybugs, spider mites and aphids.
Features of ceropegia
Ceropegia is a herbaceous perennial plant that can be climbing or erect. Rhizome has a tuberous or thickened spindle-shaped form, it accumulates moisture in reserve. Such a plant has creeping and fleshy shoots. Opposite thickened small leaf plates have a linear, ovoid or lanceolate shape. In most species, shoots and leaf plates are succulent. As a rule, the juice of such a plant is transparent, not milky. Umbilical or racemose inflorescences consist of large five-membered axillary flowers, their corolla is tubular at the base expanded. At the flowers, the stamens are fused into a tube. The fruit is a spindle-shaped, cylindrical or linear leaflet.
Home care for ceropegia
All types of ceropegia need bright sunlight. Direct rays of the sun will not damage such succulents, but if it is standing on a window of a southern orientation, then it should be obscured by a thin curtain at lunchtime. With poor lighting, the foliage becomes smaller and it becomes much smaller, while flowering may be absent.
During intensive growth, it is recommended to keep the bush in a warm place (from 20 to 25 degrees). With the onset of autumn, the temperature should be gradually reduced to 16 degrees, thanks to this the plant will be able to prepare for the upcoming dormant period. In winter, the ceropegia is kept in a cool place (from 14 to 16 degrees). The air temperature in the room should not fall below 11 degrees. However, it should be noted that if the plant is in a cold for a long time (about 11 degrees), then it can die.If the air temperature at night and day will be very different, then this flower will not harm.
From spring to the second half of the autumn period, watering should be moderate, it is carried out immediately after the top layer of the soil mixture dries. Always pour out the liquid that is in the pan after watering. With the onset of the autumn period, a gradual reduction in watering is carried out. In winter, watering is carried out only when two or three days pass after the top layer of the earthen mixture has dried. But make sure that the earthen lump in the pot does not dry out in the summer or winter, because this can cause the root system of the flower to die. If tap water is used for irrigation, then it must be filtered or defended, and it must also be at room temperature. There can be any humidity in the room where the ceropegia grows, but you do not need to moisten the bush from the spray gun.
While the bush is young, it is not necessary to feed it, since it lacks the nutrients present in the soil mixture. Feeding adult bushes is carried out 1 or 2 times a month, for this they use mineral fertilizers for orchids and succulents. Fertilizers are applied to the soil from early spring until the second half of the autumn period, while taking half the dose recommended by the manufacturer. In the autumn-winter period, top dressing is not carried out.
Only young bushes are systematically transplanted, they do this in spring, and at the same time they replace both the capacity and the soil mixture. Adult specimens are transplanted only when their root system becomes very crowded in a pot. The transplantation is carried out by the transshipment method, while the old substrate is only slightly shaken off the root system. For transplantation use purchased ready-made soil mixture for cacti, in which a small amount of charcoal is poured. If you wish, make a soil mixture with your own hands, for this, combine sand, humus, sod and leaf soil, which are taken in equal parts, and then pour charcoal into the mixture.
The pot for planting should be taken low, but wide, at the bottom they make a good layer of drainage, and then the flower is transplanted. Further, all the voids in the tank are covered with fresh soil mixture.
As a rule, the culture blooms throughout almost the whole year, while problems with its flowering are extremely rare. But far from all species, flowers are highly decorative, many of them are cultivated only for the sake of beautiful foliage. In the event that the appearance of the inflorescences does not suit you, then simply delete them.
Indoor flowers / plants. Flowering 2018.
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Ceropegia can be propagated by dividing the rhizome, cuttings and seeds.
Fill the container with light soil mixture and sow the seeds that are sprinkled with a thin layer of substrate. Top containers are covered with glass (film) and cleaned in a warm place (from 20 to 25 degrees). Until seedlings appear, make sure that the soil mixture in the tank is a little damp all the time.
As a rule, seedlings appear very quickly. Picking on individual pots is carried out only after they grow and get stronger. Take care of prickled plants in the same way as for adult specimens.
Harvesting cuttings is carried out at the beginning of the spring period, before the bush begins to grow rapidly. To do this, cut several stems and dry them a little, and then plant for rooting in pots, in diameter reaching 70 mm, 2 or 3 pieces. They are moderately watered and kept in a cool (18 to 20 degrees) and well-lit place, be sure to protect the cuttings from direct sunlight.
Voodoo ceropegia, propagation by stem cuttings.
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Propagation by aerial tubers
Some species can be propagated by aerial tubers, for example, Wood's ceropegia.To do this, the stem is divided into several parts, while nodules and at least 2 leaf plates should be present on each segment. Planting cuttings for rooting is carried out in the sand. And after they give the roots, they are transplanted into pots. If you want to get a thick bush, then plant several cuttings in one container at once.
As a rule, the propagation of the flower by dividing the rhizome is carried out simultaneously with the transplant. To do this, the bush pulled from the container is divided into several parts, the value of which should be approximately equal. Next, the dividers are planted in individual pots, at the bottom of which there is a layer of drainage.
Pests and diseases of ceropegia
Ceropegia is susceptible to fungal infections. Most often, she suffers from various rot, the development of which is due to poor care. Experts advise not to water the flower too abundantly, but also to ensure that fluid stagnation is not observed in its root system. If the bush is rotten, it is removed from the tank and its root system is examined. Cut out all the rotten areas and immerse the root system for 30 minutes in a fungicide solution. When the roots dry, the bush is planted in an old pot, while fresh soil is used in the mixture.
If the lighting is excessively intense, then sunburns may form on the leaf plates of the plant. In poor lighting, the shoots painfully stretch.
When grown indoors, aphids, mealybugs and spider mites can settle on the bush. Such harmful insects are sucking, they bite juicy foliage and shoots and suck out vegetable juice from them. The plant on which the pests have settled weakens, becomes sluggish, and deformation of flowers and stems is also observed. In addition, these pests are the main carriers of viral diseases, which today are considered incurable.
In the event that there are few insects on the ceropegy, it will be quite simple to get rid of them; for this, rinse the bush under a warm shower. If there are a lot of pests, then transfer the bush to fresh air and spray it with a solution of Fitoverm or Actellik.
Types of ceropegia with photos and names
At home, only 4 types of ceropegia are most often cultivated by flower growers.
Ceropegia africana (Ceropegia africana)
A herbaceous perennial plant has creeping fleshy stems. Smooth small thickened leaf plates have a linear or ovoid shape. Small flowers of green or dark purple color consist of petals converging at the tops, and also of a corolla tube, whose length is about 20 mm.
Barclay's Ceropegia (Ceropegia barklyi)
This herbaceous perennial plant has a sparsely branched tuberous rhizome of a rounded shape. The fleshy stems are usually bare, but sometimes there is pubescence on them. Short-leaved ovate-lanceolate leaf plates are greenish in color, and their veins are white. Their length varies from 25 to 50 mm. Umbrella inflorescences consist of flowers reaching a length of about 50 mm, their outer surface is green and the inside is purple. Their petals are fibrous, they are triangular at the base, and they are pointed to the apex.
Ceropegia Wood (Ceropegia woodii)
It has a tuberous rhizome of gray color, as well as purple creeping stems. Fleshy foliage can have a lanceolate, ovoid or triangular shape, their width is up to 15 mm, and their length is about 20 mm. On the dark green front surface of the plate there is a marble pattern, and the underside of it is greenish or purple. During intensive growth, yellowish air nodules form in the nodes of the stems. With increased air humidity, roots grow on the tubers, so they are used to propagate the flower.In the leaf sinuses, small flowers are formed with a corolla of light flesh color and with dark brown petals, on the inner surface of which there is a pubescent consisting of a pile of light color. If you provide the bush with good care and suitable conditions for growth, then it will delight you with its flowers for almost the entire year. At the same time, you need to take care of this species in the same way as for other ceropegia.
Ceropegia Sanderson (Ceropegia sandersonii)
Such a perennial plant has thin and creeping stems. Fleshy leaf plates reach a width of about 40 mm, and a length of up to 50 mm, they have a heart-ovoid shape, which is short or bluntly pointed to the apex. On their seamy surface, the central vein is convexly distinguished. A short inflorescence is low-flowering. The length of the green corolla is about 70 mm; in the area of the pharynx, it has a paler color. At the base, the corolla tube is slightly swollen, and on top it has a funnel shape. 5 expanding awl-shaped petals form a dome, the shape of which resembles a parachute. There are whitish hairs on the edge of the petals.
Ceropegia stapeliform (Ceropegia stapeliiformis)
Such a creeping bush has thick stems (thickness up to 20 mm), which are rounded in the lower part and become three-ribbed towards the top. Each reduced node has 3 whorled leaves with two stipules. The sheet plates at the top are very thin, and they are able to twist around the support. During flowering, inflorescences are formed. The length of the corolla at the flowers is about 50–70 mm, the corolla tube swollen at the base in the upper part is funnel-shaped. Each flower has 5 arcuate petals, the outer surface of which is white with specks of dark brown color.
In addition to the species described above, varietate ceropegia is cultivated by flower growers - this hybrid is very similar to the derived species, but there are still a lot of differences between them. Today, breeders do not abandon attempts to develop a new hybrid or form of ceropegia.
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