Scheffler (Scheffler): home care, types and varieties with photos
Plant like shefler or Scheffler (Schefflera) refers to a family called Araliaceae. In the wild, it can be met in the tropics anywhere in the world. And most often it is found in Australia, China, the Pacific Islands and Japan. A wild sheffler is not a very large tree or bushes.
This plant is very much appreciated by flower growers for their beautiful, spectacular leaves, which are very similar to the human palm, whose fingers are far apart. Leaf blades are placed on a tall petiole and are dissected into 4-12 lobes, which grow from the 1st point. In some countries, this flower is called an umbrella of the gnomes or an umbrella tree.
Elongated racemose inflorescences of this plant are very similar to tentacles or antennas. But you can look at them only in the botanical garden, and all due to the fact that in a room environment the sheffler does not bloom. But she is able to decorate any room thanks to her elegant shape and spectacular foliage.
This flower is very often grown as a ficus of benjamin, or rather, it is grown as a large domestic plant-tapeworm, forming it in the form of a bush having a fairly large size or a tree.
The high shoots of such a plant are not very thick, which is why often several young shefflers are often planted in the same pot. And from them then form a common stalk (intertwined). If only one tall flower is planted in the pot, then support is usually made for it.
This plant is easy enough to grow in room conditions and this is because it is completely undemanding and unpretentious. You need to take care of it in almost the same way as for other common domestic plants.
Note! There are substances in the shefler, which, once on the mucous membrane or skin, can cause irritation. That is why, with any manipulations with it, you need to be careful.
Homemade sheflera care
This plant is very fond of light. In the autumn-winter period, it should be placed on the windowsill, located on the south side of the room. In summer, it must be shaded in order to exclude direct sunlight.
An adult sheffler is placed near a window located in the southern part of the room, but the western or eastern side is also suitable. If there is not enough light in the room, then it is preferable to choose varieties with green foliage for growing, since variegated ones are very photophilous.
In the warm season, it is best to take the plant to fresh air. You need to arrange it in a small partial shade.
He feels comfortable with high humidity, but can easily adapt to normal, room temperature. However, in this case, the sheffler needs to be regularly sprayed with soft and warm water (standing).
Scheffler grows well and develops at normal room temperature. In winter, air temperature can drop to 16⁰ – 18⁰ С, but not less than 12⁰ С.
Do not allow cold draft in the room where this plant is located, and do not place it near heating appliances. Not very large daytime temperature fluctuations (between night and day) bring the Scheffler only good.
How to water
Watering should be systematic and moderate. Settled soft water is perfect for this. Make sure that the earthen room does not dry out. In winter, the amount of watering is significantly reduced. Remember that for this plant we will not allow stagnation of water and acidification of the soil, since as a result it can die. And for watering, you need to use water at room temperature and in no case cold.
Sheffler is fed a universal fertilizer for home plants.Top dressing is performed a couple of times a month during the growing season (in the spring-summer period). After transplanting, fertilizer is applied to the soil only after young leaves appear.
In order for the bush to be more magnificent, several plants often sit in one flower pot. They take on a tree shape due to pruning. However, if it is done with violations of the rules, then this can bring harm to the Scheffler.
In the case when all the leaves fall off the plant (with improper care), it can be saved by making low pruning. However, this is only if his root system is healthy. The stump should be watered, and it is recommended to cover it with moistened moss. If everything is done correctly, then after a while young shoots will start to grow.
In winter, the Schefflera has a period of relative dormancy, during which it does not grow. The plant in this period should be in a bright room, the air temperature in which will be approximately 14⁰ – 16⁰ С. Watering should be reduced.
While a young plant transplant should be carried out annually with the onset of spring. An adult sheffler is transplanted only when necessary, as a rule, once every few years. When transplanting a flower pot is selected several times larger than the previous one. Do not forget about good drainage.
What soil to choose
For transplantation, it is worth choosing slightly acidic (pH not higher than 6), light soil. For this, a mixture consisting of fiber peat, sand and humus soil, taken in a ratio of 1: 1: 3, is perfect. And you can also mix sand, humus and sod land in a ratio of 1: 1: 2.
This plant can be propagated by cuttings, sowing seeds, and air layers are also used for these purposes.
Scheffler seeds can be easily purchased at the flower shop. They are sown, as a rule, in January or February. They are sown in a mixture of sand and peat, taken in equal proportions. Before this, it is recommended that the seeds be placed in water for some time into which zircon or epin is added. After sowing, the soil is moistened with a spray, and after that the container is removed to a place where it is warm enough (20⁰ – 24⁰ С). Also do not forget to cover it with glass or film. The soil should be periodically ventilated and moistened. After the appearance of 2 or 3 of this leaf, the seedlings are planted in small pots.
For propagation by cuttings, you will need semi-lignified cuttings. They are planted in a mixture of peat and sand for rooting, previously treated with agents that stimulate the formation of roots. Be sure to cover the container with plastic wrap, and maintain the temperature within 20⁰ – 22⁰ С. Do not forget to remove the film to ventilate the cuttings.
Pests and diseases
A spider mite, aphid, scutellum may appear on the sheffler.
Common problems and their causes
When growing this plant, the following problems may appear:
- Leaf fall. Possible causes: a cold draft in winter, too high air temperature in summer, waterlogging of the soil (root decay has begun).
- The appearance of light spots on the foliage. The cause of this may be direct sunlight falling on it.
- Elongated shoots and faded leaves - not enough light.
- If the humidity is too low, the tips of the leaves will turn brown.
Shefflera Care. Plants For Beginners
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Types and varieties Sheflera with photo
Schefflera tree (Schefflera Arboricola)
It is a small tree with a branching trunk (upright). The old branches of this tree have a light brown color, and the young ones are green. Complex pinnate leaves in length can reach 20 centimeters. On the foliage of some species, yellow, cream or white spots may be present.
Schefflera palmate (Schefflera Digitata)
This species is not very high.Its dissected leaves with wavy edges have from 7 to 10 shares. Variegated varieties look especially beautiful.
Scheffler's eight-leaved (Schefflera octophylla)
On one drooping petiole there are from 8 to 12 leaves, the shape of which is elongated-lanceolate. The leaves also have light-colored veins and pointed tips. If the leathery shiny leaves have an olive green color, then they are still young, and eventually they turn green.
Schefflera radiant or stellate (Schefflera actinophylla)
She has long petioles, which are painted in a brownish-reddish color. Its shiny leaves, depending on the variety, are painted yellow with a golden or olive tint, as well as saturated green.
Scheffler. Basic types and recommendations for care
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