Angrekum orchid: home care, transplant, soil
Among the numerous and different from each other representatives of the orchid family, an orchid called Angraecum is especially distinguished. This genus unites approximately 200 different species. Under natural conditions, they can be found in the tropical rainforests of Africa, on the island of Madagascar, as well as on other islands of the Indian Ocean. Star-shaped flowers are usually painted white. They can also be small or large enough (diameter from 3 to 10 centimeters), as, for example, in the species that are most popular - Angrekum Magdalena and Angrekum One and a half feet. On the surface of leaves and flowers there is a special wax coating, which makes this plant especially attractive. So, the flowering bush of Angrekum is a very spectacular and unique sight.
Angrekum orchid care at home
Such a plant, like almost all other representatives of this family, needs high humidity and sufficient heat.
So, in the summer, Angrekum needs a moderate temperature of 20 to 25 degrees. With the onset of the winter period, it is recommended to slightly lower the temperature of the content by 4 or 5 degrees, but do not forget that in the room where such an orchid is located, it should not be colder than 16 degrees. Humidify from the sprayer and water it must be systematically, while it is necessary to ensure that the soil mixture was slightly moist all the time.For watering, you should use water at room temperature, while it is best to take rain or well-kept, but you can also use boiled. In order to reduce the evaporation of moisture from the substrate on its surface, it is recommended to place a not very thick layer of sphagnum. It will also help maintain good soil breathability.
The level of lighting is very important for the normal growth and development of angrekum. Lighting should be very bright, but the plant only needs diffused light. The fact is that the direct rays of the sun adversely affect the plant, which in the wild hides from them under the forest canopy. In addition to bright lighting, it is necessary to provide such a flower with a rather long daylight, equal to 12 hours, and it should have such a length all year round. In this regard, in the warm season, Angrekum experts advise to move to a balcony or garden. This will not only help provide him with the required level of lighting, but the plant will also be able to receive an influx of fresh air, which positively affects him. In winter, experts advise lighting up the plant using special fluorescent lamps.
For planting, a standard soil mixture for epiphytes is suitable. In order for the plant to grow and bloom well, the substrate should consist of wood bark, charcoal, fern roots and sphagnum.
The beginning of the bud laying occurs in November, and flowering usually lasts from December to February.The duration of flowering is from 3 to 4 weeks. The flowers of this plant are very fragrant, but this pleasant smell can be felt only at night. The fact is that insects that pollinate this type of orchid in natural conditions fly only at night, and the plant tries to attract it, enhancing its aroma at this time of day.
A clearly expressed dormant period is not observed. However, after flowering is completed, the peduncle is recommended to be carefully cut, slightly reduce watering, and also stop applying fertilizer to the soil (for several months).
You need to feed the plant during intensive growth. To do this, it is recommended to use a complex mineral fertilizer for orchids, while only 1/2 of the dose indicated on the package should be taken.
Transplantation is carried out 1 time in 2 or 3 years. Its purpose is not only to replace the earth mixture with a fresh one, but also to change the pot to a more spacious one. It is recommended to transplant this orchid in spring after it blooms. During the transplant, you can also carry out the breeding procedure.
To propagate such a plant, “children” (lateral processes) are used. They will certainly appear if proper care is provided for the plant. The baby needs to be planted very carefully so as not to damage her rather delicate roots. Otherwise, the adaptation period will be greatly delayed, and flowering can be seen only after a few years.
Diseases and pests
This genus of orchids is quite resistant to diseases. Most often, young, not strong plants are sick. As a rule, a scabbard settles on them or gray rot appears. If pests are detected, they should be tried to be removed from the surface of the plant, and then treated with an appropriate insecticide. When rot appears, it is necessary to reduce the frequency of watering for a while. If you care for adult specimens correctly and provide them with the necessary conditions for normal growth, then as a rule, there are no similar problems with them.
Most often, gardeners are worried that Angrekum does not bloom. As a rule, too dry air or irregular watering is to blame. If such problems exist, then they can very easily be recognized by the appearance of the plant. So, its leaves will begin to turn yellow, and growth will become slower. In the case when an apparently healthy plant does not bloom - this may mean that it simply does not have enough light.
Angrekum is not demanding in care. For its normal growth and development requires only high humidity, fresh air and adequate lighting.
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