Rhodofiale: home care, reproduction and transplantation
An onion plant like rhodophial (Rhodophiala), which is extremely rare, is directly related to the amaryllis family. Under natural conditions, it is found in South America, and more precisely in Chile, Uruguay and Argentina. There are approximately 30 species of this plant, and several of them can be grown at home.
In nature, such plants can be found in mountainous areas. They are undemanding to the ground and able to withstand a sharp change in temperature and even frost.
Since it grows in an arid climate, the bulb is in suspended animation for a long time. And after the rains begin to pour in the last summer weeks, a flower arrow appears on which flowers of a sufficiently large size are located. When the flowering ends, a pair of narrow, belt-shaped leaves grows. But after the onset of drought, they disappear.
Rhodofiale is a rather whimsical plant that is not so easy to grow. In order for the plant to develop normally, it needs coolness during the dormant period, and good lighting during vegetation. It is good if there is a sharp change in temperature (a significant difference between day and night).
Also, the florists are not happy with the fact that for quite a long time the flower is at rest. For its cultivation, a winter garden or a greenhouse is perfect. There, during not very long flowering, you can admire the beautiful, large bell-shaped flowers.
Often, as a houseplant, the Rhodophiala bifida rhodophia species is grown. In the wild, you can meet her in Texas or Argentina. For the bright red flowers, the plant was nicknamed the "lily of bovine blood." Flowering is observed at the end of the summer period, the beginning - autumn.
At home, this flower is very loved, because from a sleeping bulb, which does not need to be taken care of, dramatic, very bright flowers appear, located on long peduncles.
Rhodophial care at home
During the dormant period, the pot with the bulb can be put in any place. However, after the flower arrow appears, it must be put in a well-lit place.
Pretty cold-resistant plant. So, rhodophial bifida, if it is covered and not watered, will withstand frost to minus 12 degrees. For wintering, a temperature of 5 degrees is excellent. Make sure that the earth does not dry out at this time.
In wild conditions, the dormant period of a plant is observed during summer drought.
When flowering ends, a pair of leaflets is formed, and it is at this time that the bulb grows. When the flowering period ends, the rhodophyll needs to be watered for some more time. Then watering is gradually reduced, and then it is not watered at all. Flowering at room conditions, as a rule, begins at the beginning of the autumn period (sometimes observed at other times).
How to transplant
About 1 time in 2 or 3 years.
There are no special soil requirements. A suitable soil mixture consists of leaf and peat land, as well as sand, taken in a ratio of 2: 2: 1. It is recommended to pour a few pieces of brick or gravel. Bulbs during planting should be completely covered with a substrate.
How to propagate
For reproduction, seeds are used, since daughter bulbs practically do not appear. You can purchase them via the Internet, but it should be noted that only fresh seeds are suitable for sowing, since they soon lose their germination.
Germinating seeds germinate quickly (after 2 or 3 days). Seeds need soaking. After the root becomes visible, it should be sown in a low and wide dish filled with sand mixed with sheet soil. It is necessary to sprinkle the seeds on top of the ground (layer no more than 3-5 mm). Watering is carried out using a spray gun and closed with a film or glass. You need to put in a sunny and warm place.
The grown rhodophials need to be planted in separate, not very large containers. For a couple of years they are raised without a period of rest, because at this time they do not need it.
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