How to grow grape cuttings in winter at home (photo, video)
If a gardener has a desire to propagate grapes on his own plot, then he can use this in two different ways. The first and easiest way is to buy seedlings in a special nursery. The second method, although labor-intensive, but more effective, is to grow grape cuttings in the winter at home. The second method has several positive aspects that distinguish it favorably, namely, the gardener will be able to get grape seedlings of the desired variety, while such material for planting is much more stable when compared with that purchased in the nursery. To grow high-quality cuttings yourself, you just need to make a little effort.
Growing grape cuttings
Before planting cuttings in a permanent place, you need to prepare them first. Most gardeners in this business do not have the necessary experience, because rarely anyone has done this before. The process of preparing grape cuttings is divided into several stages, each of which is of great importance:
- preparation for landing;
In order to succeed in this matter, you need to know all the basic rules for growing grape cuttings, as well as tricks and secrets.
Harvesting and storage of grape cuttings
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Stage 1: Cutting cuttings
In autumn, all weakened or damaged branches die off, therefore it is at this time of the year that it is recommended to harvest grape cuttings (chubuk). During their cutting, it is necessary to adhere to several basic rules:
- It is recommended to start cutting chubucks only when all the foliage falls from the bush.
- Try to choose those branches that give large clusters. The fact is that it is from such branches that the best planting material is obtained.
- Choose a vine that does not have curved shapes. Best if it is as flat as possible.
- It should be remembered that the quality of planting material is directly related to the length of the cuttings.
Remember that you can’t cut the nibs at sub-zero temperatures in any case. In this regard, if frosts are already outside the window, then the cuttings can be made only next year. To cut chubuki, you need a pruner. Prepare a solution of copper sulfate and immerse the cuttings in it immediately after cutting them.
Stage 2: Storage
In order for the Chubuki to survive until spring, it is necessary to create the most favorable conditions for them. First of all, you need to divide the cuttings by grades. Then the cuttings of the same grade are bonded together and placed in a separate bag made of polyethylene, which is then wrapped very tightly. It should be noted that you will have to keep the grape chubuki until spring. The fact is that it was at the beginning of the spring period that they were planted in open ground. There are several places where you can quite successfully store grape cuttings:
- The shelf of the refrigerator. This storage method is effective to use only when the number of chubuk is relatively small.
- Basement. This storage method is ideal for gardeners who grow grape seedlings not only for themselves, but also for sale.
- Country cottage area. There are those gardeners who have learned to preserve material for planting until spring, simply by digging it into the ground. It should be remembered that the cuttings should be buried to a depth of not less than half a meter.
In the process of storing Chubuk in the winter, various problems can arise, in connection with this, it is necessary to systematically inspect them. In the case when you notice that the kidneys on the chubuk began to swell, this means that there is a high temperature in the storage place.If this is a refrigerator, then you just need to lower the temperature, otherwise shift the stalk to a place where it is colder.
Stage 3: Preparing for landing
In the case when the grape chubuki are well preserved, they can be quickly and easily prepared for planting in open soil. First of all, you will need to inspect each grape cuttings, while you need to remove those that are unfit for cultivation. To understand whether the Chubuk is suitable for landing or not, you can apply a transverse incision on it. Inspect the incision site. In the event that it remains completely dry, then such a stalk can be thrown out, the fact is that it is completely dry and can not give either roots or buds. A good chubuk suitable for growing from an incision should come out of moisture. It is still necessary to carefully examine the color of the cut. In the case when the stalk spent the whole winter in favorable conditions for him, then his cut should be painted in a saturated green color. Carefully inspect the slice, as there should not be a variety of inclusions.
After you conduct a thorough examination of the grape chubucks and sort them, you can begin the procedure that will wake them. Take a container of the required volume and fill it with lukewarm water. Then immerse grape cuttings in it. They should be in water for at least two days. After that, prepare a solution of a product that stimulates the growth of roots (it can be purchased at a special store). When you remove the Chubuki from the water, they must immediately be immersed in this solution.
Stage 4: Germination
This stage is the latest and at the same time it is very important. In order to sprout cuttings, gardeners use two ways, so you can choose the one that is most suitable:
- With a glass. You need to prepare a glass of large plastic. At the bottom, you need to make 3 large holes, it is most convenient to do this with an awl. Pour soil mixed with compost to the bottom. Then you need to take a glass from a smaller volume of plastic and cut the bottom from it. After this, this glass must be inserted into the first glass with earth. A smaller glass should be filled with sand and properly watered. Chubuk must be stuck in the sand. In order to keep the heat there, it is recommended to use a film of polyethylene.
- Using a plastic bottle. You will need the most ordinary plastic bottle. At its bottom you need to lay a not very high drainage layer. On top of it, you need to pour a layer of compost, nutrient soil or peat. For a forelock immersed in the soil, the tip should be at the same level as the bottle. On top of the bottle is covered with a glass of plastic. After the formation of the first young shoots, the shelter is removed.
Both of these methods are quite effective. However, in order to successfully grow grape chubuki, they need to provide systematic watering, as well as good lighting. Transplanting cuttings into the open ground is possible only after they form roots, and the first foliage grows.
Grapes from cuttings (secrets)
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