Rodents in the garden and in the garden: how to get rid, what are the dangerous types
Almost everyone who has a garden or cottage knows firsthand the problems with rodents. If they settle in the vegetable garden or orchard, they can damage various root crops and fruits, and they can also reach those places where the crop is stored in the winter. And also they gnaw the bark of trees, and also the roots of various cultures. If they get into the house, they will carry your food. Hares and moles are quite rare guests of a dacha or a personal plot, rats and mice settle on it much more often, which will be discussed below.
Which rodents are considered pests
In any corner of the planet Earth you can meet house mice, they do not live only in the Far North, in the highlands and in Antarctica. Such mice were called brownies by no means because they live exclusively in people's homes. Similar pests at different times of the year prefer to live in different places. When the weather is warm, they prefer to live and earn their own food in nature. And when it gets cold outside and the mice cannot find enough food for themselves, they try to move to the garden or cellar, cellar, pantry, and also to the house.
House mice are very fertile. Within 12 months, one individual can give 5-14 generations, while in one litter there can be 3-12 mice.
Voles (field mice)
In fact, field mice are considered to be relatives of muskrats and lemmings and are representatives of the Hamster family. They are not related to house mice. The genus of voles unites 143 species, but most of all a person is bothered by ordinary voles. Their habitat is very wide. As a rule, voles breed only when the weather is warm, but not as intense as house mice. On average, the life span of such a rodent is 4.5 months, but in such a short time they can cause significant harm, as they have excellent appetite and a tendency to store food for the future. Field mice feed on bulbs and seeds of flower and vegetable crops, juicy roots and tubers, and in winter they gnaw bark from trees and shrubs.
Externally, shrews look like mice, but their muzzle shape is elongated and there is a proboscis on it. The Shrew family unites approximately 350 species, but no more than 25 of them can be found in mid-latitudes. Such pests feed on insects, as well as their larvae, which is very useful for a suburban and personal plot. But shrews are mainly engaged in digging the soil, during which they injure the root system of various cultures. As a result, the bushes are suspended in the air and cannot receive nutrients. After a while, the plants die.
Such pests are characterized by fairly moderate reproduction. Only in the case when shrews cannot find insects, they eat various plants.
Rats are fearless and intelligent animals that can live both in the house and in the garden, while it is very difficult to notice them. Only when they multiply greatly can they discover themselves. Such animals are distinguished by the fact that they bite something all the time, and therefore they can very much harm a person.
Earthen rats prefer to live in burrows, which they make along the edges of paths, under the roots of trees, and also near sewer manholes. Gray rats most often live in such dark places that are rarely visited by humans and are located higher, for example: in the attic under the floorboards, in the attic or in the roof.
Rats and mice carry a variety of diseases and, while harming useful horticultural crops, they can also infect stored stocks.If you don’t start to fight them in time, then after a short time they will breed very much and will walk around the house or garden without fear of anyone. It is precisely because of this, when the first signs of the appearance of rodents on a site or at home are discovered, all necessary measures must be taken to combat them.
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Ways to fight rodents
In the fight against rodents, 4 methods are used: chemical, biological, mechanical and using a repeller. Sometimes, in order to increase efficiency, it is recommended to combine or combine these methods.
If there are not very many such pests on the site or in the dwelling, then traps and traps will be quite effective in combating them. It should be remembered that getting rid of all rodents is possible only if the traps are used correctly. And for this you need to put them in those places where pests are most common, systematically replace the bait, remove dead mice and rats from the trap, and dispose of them.
Traps purchased at the store are suitable for catching both rats and mice. If desired, they can be made with your own hands. There are traps that kill pests, and there are more humane traps, if a rodent falls into them, it will be alive, but will not be able to escape. In this case, a person, if desired, will be able to release it in a place located away from home or cottage.
You can make a good trap out of a simple beer bottle. To do this, put the bait inside (toasted white bread or sausage), and peel the peanut butter on the neck of the bottle. On a detected mouse path, set it to a slope.
You can still use glue traps to catch mice. From the supposed habitat of rodents, they are installed in a radius of 10–25 m. They are recommended to be placed along the walls, where mice most often run. After the rodent's paws are on the sticky surface, he will no longer be able to escape. Also, such a trap is effective for young rat pups, but if an adult animal is caught, then it can leave.
Today in the store you can buy an electronic mousetrap related to the latest generation of traps. A rodent caught in it instantly dies from a current discharge. Such mousetraps without recharging can work for a very long time, in connection with this it is recommended to use them in large storages and warehouses.
Chemical method (use of poisons)
If there are a lot of rodents on your site or in your home, then the traps will be ineffective, and you will have to look for more effective ways. In just a few days you can exterminate them with granules or grains that are poisoned with arsenic, coumarin or warfarin. Poison is placed in the house in several places near the moves of rodents. If they live on a garden plot, then a piece of hose is taken, poison is poured into it and it is placed under a tree.
The toxic substances listed above prevent blood from clotting, and rat mice die from internal blood loss. But it must be borne in mind that rodents can adapt to the active substances of the poison in a fairly short time, and therefore they must be regularly changed. In addition, there is a high risk that a pet or a small child may suffer from poison.
How to get rid of mice in the garden and in the country. 100% disposal of mice, rats and other rodents.
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Probably everyone knows that the main enemies of rodents are cats. They can be ambushed for a long time to catch a mouse or rat. Most often, if there is a cat in the dwelling, then the pests leave it. In this regard, in the villages in almost every yard there is a cat or cat. But if rodents occupied the cottage, then the cat is unlikely to help here. As a rule, it is brought only in the spring and summer, and when the summer chores are over, the owners take the pet home. Therefore, in winter, rats and mice feel at home in the country.And today, cats that do not know how to catch mice, not to mention rats, are increasingly found. In this regard, this method of pest control is often very ineffective.
Ultrasonic devices that repel rodents have appeared relatively recently. Such a device is connected to a conventional electrical outlet, while it does not need to be controlled. In order to get rid of rats in just 15-20 days, you must first carefully study the instructions, and then correctly calculate how many of these ultrasonic devices you need to purchase. In the event that after three weeks, the rodents still remain in the house or on the site, you will need to double-check your calculations. Most often, the problem is solved after several more repellers are acquired and connected. But it also happens that you have to buy ultrasound devices with greater power.
Mole and Mouse Repellers
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