Ophiopogon Japanese - home care, transplantation and reproduction
Ophiopogon Japanese (Ophiopogon japonicus) is directly related to the genus Ophiopogon, as well as to the family Liliaceae (Liliaceae). In nature, this perennial herbaceous plant is found in humid shady areas of Northern China, Japan and Korea.
This plant is a tuberous root, it has a strongly fibrous root system, and on it there are rare thickenings in the form of small tubers. The vaginal basal foliage is collected in sockets that are very lush. Narrowly linear leaflets reach a length of 15 to 35 centimeters, and a width of 0.5 to 1 centimeter. They are along the central vein slightly “folded”. The front side has a dark green color, it is smooth and leathery, and on the inside - longitudinal veins are pronounced.
Flowering is observed from July to September. At this time, long (up to 20 centimeters) burgundy flower stalks rise above the plant, and multi-flowered loose inflorescences in the form of an ear are attached to them, which consist of small short-tubular violet flowers with 6 petals. When the plant fades, it appears hard box-berries, which have a saturated blue color and the shape of a ball, and inside them there are seeds.
As the flower grows, new thin long lateral shoots-stolons appear, as a result of which the ophiopogon grows very quickly, occupying huge areas (in nature).
There are several cultivated varieties that are quite popular with flower growers:
- Kyoto Dwart is a dwarf plant reaching a height of 10 centimeters;
- Compactus - the bush is quite compact and has a neat, tight leafy outlet;
- Silver Dragon is a variegated variety that has longitudinal white stripes along the edges of leaflets.
Japanese Ophiopogon care at home
There are no special lighting requirements. This plant is able to calmly tolerate both bright sunlight and grow in the shade. Ophiopogon can be placed both near the southern window opening and near the northern one. And he feels great in the back of the room.
In winter, it is not necessary to fill it up, since it is quite enough for him in these short days.
In the warm season, this flower can grow at absolutely any (except minus) temperature. After the threat of frost is over at night, it can be transferred to the street (to the balcony or to the garden).
In winter, the plant has a dormant period and at this time it needs coolness. So, it must be rearranged in a cool place (from 2 to 10 degrees). It is recommended to store it at this time in a pot and directly put in it on the terrace or loggia, which does not freeze.
How to water
Watering should be systematic and quite plentiful. It is necessary to ensure that the substrate in the pot is always slightly moistened, but not wet. Drying of an earthen coma should not be allowed in any case, since the plant will react to this in the most negative way.
If in winter, the Japanese ophiopogon is in the cold, then it is watered less often, or rather, after the topsoil has dried (to a depth of 1 or 2 centimeters). In the event that during this period the plant is at room temperature, it must be watered in the same way as in the summer.
It should be watered with exceptionally soft and well-defended water at room temperature.
It needs high humidity, so this plant is recommended to be sprayed very often (at least 1 time per day). Also, to increase humidity in the pan, you can pour expanded clay or pebbles and pour a little water, and then put a flower pot on it. You can also place a vessel with water in the immediate vicinity of the flower.
During the cold wintering, it is not necessary to moisten the ophiopogon somehow, since at that time it is quite sufficient for the moisture contained in the cool air.
Suitable land should be loose and rich in nutrients. To prepare a suitable soil mixture, it is necessary to combine sod, leaf and peat soil, as well as coarse sand in a ratio of 1: 2: 1: 1. It is recommended to add a small amount of bone meal to this mixture.
Do not forget to make a good drainage layer using claydite or small pebbles for this. It will help to avoid waterlogging of the soil.
This plant is also grown in hydroponics.
It is necessary to feed the plant throughout the year 2 times a month.In spring, as well as in the first half of the summer period, fertilizers with a high nitrogen content should be used. In the autumn-winter period, instead of nitrogen fertilizers, it is necessary to use those that contain a lot of potassium. It is also noted that in the autumn-winter, as well as early spring period, the plant needs phosphorus.
Transplantation is carried out in spring 1 time in 2 or 3 years.
Often, this flower is propagated by dividing the rhizome. To do this, during the transplant, it is carefully cut into pieces. At the same time, each dividend should have a good root lobe and several shoots. The places of cuts must be treated with crushed charcoal.
Less commonly propagated by seeds.
Pests and diseases
Resistant to diseases and pests. However, improper care can cause various problems:
- spots may appear on the foliage;
- due to waterlogging, rot forms on the root system;
- if the dormant period is violated or if it does not exist at all, then flowering will not occur.
This plant has phytoncidal properties, and also it can inhibit pathogenic microbes that are in the air next to it.
Attention! Ophiopogon Japanese is poisonous.