Gerbera indoor: home care, transplantation and reproduction
Flowering gerbera plant (Gerbera) is part of the family Asteraceae and unites approximately 70 species. A flower comes from tropical and subtropical zones of Africa.
Gerbera is a herbaceous perennial. There is no foliage on the peduncle, and in length it grows to 0.6 m. The leaf plates of such a plant are collected in a rosette at the root, they reach about 0.35 m in length. Large inflorescences-baskets grow one at a time and reach about 15 across centimeters, they can be painted in a variety of color shades. There are varieties that have semi-double inflorescences. As a rule, a gerbera is cultivated on a garden plot, and at home only one species is grown - Gerbera jamesonii gerbera.
Short description of growing
- Bloom. It starts in the last summer weeks, and ends in early autumn.
- Illumination. A large amount of bright light is needed, which must be diffused. In the autumn-winter period, the flower often has to be illuminated.
- Temperature mode. During the growing season - about 20 degrees, in the cold season - from 14 to 15 degrees (not lower than 12 degrees). During the flowering period, the difference between the air temperature at night and day should be about 5 degrees.
- Watering. During the growing season, watering should be moderate, it is carried out immediately after the top layer of soil mix in a pot dries. With the onset of the rest period, watering is greatly reduced, at this time the substrate is moistened only so that it does not completely dry out.
- Air humidity. She must be tall. But it is forbidden to moisten the foliage from the spray gun; instead, wet pebbles are poured into the pallet, and a flower pot is placed on it.
- Fertilizer. During the growing season, top dressing is carried out 1 time in 15 days and for this purpose a complex mineral fertilizer is used for flowering indoor plants. In winter, the plant does not need fertilizing.
- Rest period. It begins in the second half of the autumn period, and ends in the last winter weeks.
- Transfer. It is carried out only if necessary in the spring. Remember that you can’t bury the outlet in the soil mixture.
- Soil mix. It should be loose with a pH of 5.5–6.0, and also allow air and water to pass through well. For planting, a purchased earth mixture for asters is suitable or you can make it yourself, for this, combine sand, leafy soil and peat (1: 1: 1).
- Breeding. Division of rhizomes and seed method.
- Harmful insects. Aphids, whiteflies, scale insects and mealybugs.
- Diseases. If the gerbera is not properly looked after or does not provide it with suitable conditions for growth, then problems can begin with it.
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Gerbera Care at Home
When grown indoors, a gerbera needs bright, diffused light. It is able to withstand a small amount of direct sunlight, however, if in summer the flower stands on the southern windowsill, it must be shaded. It is not worth choosing windows of northern orientation, since there is very little light for gerbera there. In this regard, windows of eastern or western orientation are best suited for a flower.
In summer, if desired, the bush can be rearranged, while at noon it must be protected from direct sunlight. And in order to avoid the appearance of sunburn on the foliage, it should be accustomed to new conditions gradually. In the autumn-winter period, it is recommended to highlight the plant, for this it is best to use a fluorescent lamp.
The gerbera growing in the apartment needs warmth, in this regard, in the spring-summer period, the air temperature in the room should be about 24 degrees, while not letting it be colder than 20 degrees.At the end of flowering and throughout the dormant period, the bush should be cool (about 14 degrees). At this time, the air temperature should not be lower than 12 degrees. During flowering, the difference between daytime and nighttime temperatures should not be very large, because this can negatively affect the decorativeness of inflorescences-baskets.
During the growing season, provide the flower with moderate watering, for this you need to use warm water. Make sure that the temperature of the substrate and water is almost the same, otherwise problems with the flower may begin. The water used for irrigation must be soft and well settled, they gently moisten the substrate only after its top layer has dried. Make sure that the liquid does not get into the leaf outlet, because of this, rot may appear on the gerbera. During the rest period, watering is carried out only so that the lump of earth in the pot does not dry out. At this time, the stagnation of moisture in the root system is especially dangerous for the flower, because because of this it can become sick.
For normal development and growth, the plant needs high humidity, but it is impossible to moisten its foliage from the spray gun. To increase humidity, wet claydite or peat should be poured into the pan, and you can also moisten it from an air sprayer near the bush, but at the same time, drops of water should not fall on the flower itself.
Such a plant has one characteristic feature - its flowering directly depends on the duration of daylight hours. Flowering is observed in late summer and early autumn, and at this time there is a reduction in daylight hours.
Gerbera top dressing should be carried out only during intensive growth, and use for this complex mineral fertilizer for flowering indoor plants. The flower also responds well to dressing with magnesium sulfate. If it is in a cool place, then additionally it must be fed with phosphorus. In winter, feeding is not carried out.
A gerbera is transplanted only when necessary, and carry out this procedure in the spring. A good drainage layer must be made at the bottom of the pot, while the level of acidity of the soil mixture should be pH 5.0–6.0. During the transplant, make sure that the substrate does not get into the leaf outlet, and also remember that it cannot be buried in the soil mixture.
Gerbera. Transplant after purchase.
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Reproduction by dividing the bush
The main advantage of gerbera breeding by division is that in this case the varietal characters of the parent plant are preserved. For dividing, a bush is suitable, whose age is three, and preferably four years. Carry out this procedure in the spring. Make sure that there are at least two growth points on each of the delenki, in this case, the young bush will begin to bloom next year.
Sowing seeds is carried out in the spring, for this use loose soil saturated with nutrients. To prepare a suitable substrate, it is necessary to combine sheet, sod and humus soil (1: 2: 1). Pour a small amount of sand into the finished mixture. After the emerged seedlings form 2 or 3 true leaf plates, they are picked. After the fifth real leaf plate is formed on the plants, a second pick is carried out, but at the same time they are planted in individual pots. 30 days after the last dive, the plant should be fed for the first time.
Gerbera seed cultivation Part 2
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Diseases and pests
When growing gerbera in room conditions, the flower grower may encounter the following problems:
- Leaves turn pale. This happens when the lighting is excessively intense.In order to avoid this in the spring-autumn period, bushes should be shaded from the midday rays of the sun.
- The bush looks painful. Damage to the bush with a fungal disease occurs with excessively high humidity and poor ventilation.
- Leaves brighten. If a flower recently bought in a store has begun to lose its bright color, this may be due to its getting used to new conditions or to poor lighting. As a rule, purchased plants lose their brightness. This is due to the fact that flowers grown for sale are often fed with special substances that make the color of their foliage more saturated.
- Withering and death of a flower. Make sure that there is no fluid stagnation in the root system, as this can cause the death of the gerbera. Particular attention should be paid to watering in the cold season.
- Harmful insects. Whiteflies, ticks, aphids and scale insects can settle on a flower.
Gerbera Jameson (Gerbera jamesonii)
As mentioned above, only Germs Germs (Gerbera jamesonii) is grown at home. This species became the ancestor of all varieties that are cultivated in room conditions. Such a herbaceous perennial has a rather thick stem. The foliage is collected in a socket, which is located slightly above the surface of the soil. On the surface of cirrus large leaf sheets, pubescence may be present, in length they reach up to 20 centimeters. Sometimes axillary buds form at the base of the foliage. Outwardly, the inflorescence is similar to a chamomile flower, across the basket is about 10 centimeters, it is formed at the top of the peduncle. Often, beginning flower growers believe that this is one flower, but in fact the basket is an inflorescence consisting of many flowers. Reed flowers are located along the edge, which can be painted in various colors, for example, red, yellow, white, etc. (a total of about 30 shades). They are narrow and wide, and such flowers are placed in 1, 2 or 3 rows. In the middle are tubular flowers, which can also be painted in various shades.
Gerbera Care. I share my experience.
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