Soleolirolia (Gelksina): home care, transplantation and reproduction
The creeping herbaceous perennial plant of saltiness is part of the Nettle family. The stems are long, filiform, they are covered with a small oval foliage, which has a bright green color. Small inflorescences are painted in white or cream color.
Features of salinity
Under natural conditions, salioli, which is also called gelksin, can be met in the tropical Mediterranean, as well as in Corsica and Sardinia. She prefers to grow on river and lake banks. At room temperature, the flower is cultivated as a groundcover. Gelksin is most often used to create greenhouse compositions. In the wild, you can meet only 1 type of salinolemia. And under indoor conditions, 4 varieties are cultivated, while 2 of them are very rare, so flower growers rarely decorate their homes with them. In the cultivation of this flower there is nothing complicated, but still has its own characteristics and tricks.
Caring for Saline Control at Home
Since in the nature of salt production only grows in a tropical climate, you need to be prepared for the fact that in the culture for the normal growth and development of this flower, he will need to create optimal conditions. For this, a certain temperature regime is maintained; special attention is also paid to watering, air humidity, top dressing, etc.
Gelksina is among the photophilous plants. In this regard, if in the room for her to choose a place with poor lighting, then after a little time it will turn into an unattractive bush. The fact is that with a lack of light, the stems become elongated, and most of the foliage flies around. Experienced flower growers recommend that you put solyoli on the window of the northern orientation, but at the same time it will definitely need additional lighting. If she receives the necessary amount of light, then this will certainly have a favorable effect on the state of her foliage, which will become more dense, juicy and shiny. When choosing a place for a plant, remember that direct rays of the sun should not fall on the surface of its foliage, because of this sunburn can form on it, which can cause drilling and dying of leaf plates. If the lighting is bright, but diffused, then the flower will grow and develop within the normal range.
In the warmer months, the optimum temperature for salinolysis is about 20 degrees. Remember that in the room where the flower is, in no case should be hotter than 25 degrees. If the room temperature is more than 20 degrees, then the bush should be regularly and fairly often moistened with a spray gun, also try to increase the level of air humidity in other ways.
In winter, make sure that the room is not colder than 15 degrees. When the temperature drops to 8 degrees and below, the flower dies. In winter, the humidification of the bush from the spray is carried out systematically 1 time in 7 days. Do not place it near a working heating appliance, because hot air can destroy the flower.
Do not allow the earthen coma to dry out in the container, as this will lead to a violation of the growth and development of the plant, and will also negatively affect its decorativeness. Make sure that the soil mixture in the pot is always slightly moist, but at the same time it is impossible to prevent fluid stagnation in the roots, because rot can develop because of this. In this regard, during the planting of a flower at the bottom of the pot, a good drainage layer is made; for this, fine expanded clay can be used. While the flower is young, it needs to be watered systematically 1 time in a couple of days, more mature plants are subjected to this procedure less often, or rather, no more than two times in 7 days (immediately after the top layer of the soil mixture dries). In the cold season, salinole should be watered about 1 time in 7 days.
Suitable soil mix
This culture prefers a loose earth mixture, well permeable to air. For example, the substrate may consist of sand, leaf turf and peat (1: 1: 1), or you can buy ready-made soil mix for palm trees.When transplanting young plants, remember that at the bottom of the pot you should definitely make a good layer of drainage.
The transplant is carried out in the spring. To do this, you can use the earth mixture, the composition of which is described above. You can also take another soil mixture, the main thing is that it be loose and pass water well, acidity can be low or neutral. Soleoli is a delicate and very fragile plant. In this regard, when transplanting, the bush must be taken along with a lump of land. When transferring a flower from an old container to a new one, be sure to hold the stems, as they can easily be injured.
In order for the root system of the flower to develop normally, it is recommended to choose a low and wide pot for transplantation, do not forget to make a good drainage layer at its bottom, for this you can use small expanded clay or vermiculite. When the bush is replanted, slightly compact the surface of the soil mixture in the container, and then irrigate abundantly.
Salinity is fed in spring, summer and in the first autumn weeks. In winter, she does not need top dressing. For top dressing, a complex mineral fertilizer is used for decorative and deciduous plants, they are carried out systematically with a frequency of twice a month. It is possible to understand that a plant lacks nutrients by its appearance; in this case, the stems will become elongated, and the foliage will become faded.
Salting starts to bloom in spring. If it grows in natural conditions, then its flowering lasts about 8 weeks and it is quite lush. At this time, each shoot is decorated with small inflorescences, which consist of small flowers of cream or white color, which, although they do not represent any special decorative value, but look pretty cute. When the flowers die off, no fruits are formed in their place.
This flower is cut very rarely, but it transfers this procedure completely painlessly. If desired, with the help of a haircut, the gardener can give the plant a certain spectacular shape. In order for the bush to be more magnificent and spectacular, in early spring it is recommended to conduct a small thinning of its stems. This will stimulate the growth of the bush, and after a while it will become more dense and beautiful.
As with many plants grown at home, the helksins have a dormant period in winter. That is why in the cold season she is looked after a little differently. To moisten the soil mixture in the pot at this time should be approximately 1 time in 7 days, and fertilizers do not need to be applied to it, since in winter the flower does not need them. Another special attention should be paid to the air humidity in the room where the saltiness is growing, since due to the working heating devices it can greatly decrease. To maintain a suitable level of humidity near the bush, put open vessels filled with water or a humidifier, and regularly moisten the foliage with water from a sprayer once every 7 days. When spring begins and the dormancy period ends, they begin to care for the flower in the same way as described above.
Soleilia Proper Care and Features
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After planting a young bush of saltworks, you need to be prepared for the fact that after only 4 years it will begin to gradually lose its decorative effect. That is why you need to take care of updating it, namely, the available methods of propagation of this flower. It can be propagated by seed, cuttings, rooting of stems and dividing the bush.
In order to grow gelxinia from seeds, you first need to buy them. This is recommended to do in a specialized store. Sowing seeds is carried out in a container, which is pre-filled with soil mixture intended for growing palm trees.After the sowing is over, gently moisten the surface of the earthen mixture from the sprayer with clean water. After that, the container is covered with a film (glass) from above and transferred to a place where it is always warm, while the crops need a lot of bright but scattered light. Do not forget to regularly air them, for this, opening the shelter for a while, as well as timely moisten the substrate from the spray gun. When the seedlings appear and grow a little, they should be peaked in individual pots.
It is quite easy and quick to propagate salinity by the method of dividing the bush. For this, during a transplant, a part of it that is taken together with a lump of earth is separated from the overgrown bush. Delenki land in individual pots. Since this method of plant propagation is unusually simple, it is most popular with flower growers.
If desired, gelksinia can be grown from cuttings. To do this, cut several branches from the parent bush. For rooting, the resulting cuttings are planted in a mixture consisting of peat and sand. Instead, they can be placed in water, where they will also give roots pretty quickly. As a rule, rooting of cuttings lasts about 20 days, after which they are transplanted into permanent pots and looked after, like an adult flower.
In order to get a young bush of salinity, you can use such a method of reproduction as rooting shoots. For this, the branch is not cut, but simply bent to the surface of the substrate in a pot and sprinkled on top with a layer of soil mixture. In just a few months, a process will form, which will have its own roots. After that, it is cut off from the mother bush and planted in a permanent pot.
Indoor plant of salt release or gelksin. How to propagate !?
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Diseases and pests
The salt plant has a very high resistance to harmful insects and diseases. However, if she is not provided with good care and optimal conditions for growth, then problems may arise with her, for example:
- Gray rot. It is possible to understand that the plant is affected by gray rot by the gray fungal coating that forms on the surface of the foliage. As soon as a plaque is detected, you need to immediately cut off all the affected stems, and also reduce the amount of watering and humidity. If everything is done in a timely and correct manner, then the flower will not die.
- Brown rot. As a rule, stems are affected by this disease, because of which they become thinner and dry out. As soon as the first signs of the disease are noticed, spray the bush with a solution of Rovral, and you must follow the instructions. In order to prevent, it is recommended to timely cut off all dead foliage and shoots from the bush.
- Whitefly. If whitefly settles on salinity, then this can be understood by twisting, yellowing and the death of the leaves. In order to get rid of this pest, the flower is treated with a solution of the fungicidal preparation Aktara.
- Spider mite. Drying and dying leaf plates are most often a sure sign that a spider mite has settled on the flower. As soon as the first signs of the presence of the pest are detected, spray the bush with Fitoverm.
- The bush has dried up, can it be saved? Despite the fact that gelksinia is a rather capricious plant, it is very tenacious. If, due to the oversight of the grower, the bush is completely dry, it can still be saved. To do this, cut off all dried shoots, and plant the roots in a new pot and in a fresh substrate. After only 4 weeks, the bush will again become lush and beautiful, but only if you will properly care for it.
Types of solioli with photos and names
This species is a grassy low ground cover plant with creeping thin stems. The root system of the plant is filiform. On each of the thin branches there is a large number of small oval-shaped leaf plates that have a silver hue. In indoor conditions, this species blooms very rarely, while it forms small flowers of cream or white color, which do not represent any decorative value.
The stems of such a ground cover grassy low plant are very fragile and thin. A large number of small oval foliage of green color grows on them, along the edge of which there is a thin white border. When grown at home, flowering is very rare, while small inflorescences of white color are formed on the bush, which are considered unattractive.
This low plant has creeping thin stems that are covered with lush foliage. The shape of the leaf plates is oval, and they are painted in a golden green hue. When cultivating this variety in a room environment, it’s most likely that you will not be able to see how it blooms. The fact is that in this variety only one bush out of a hundred blossoms in room conditions.
In this variety, the bush is compact and miniature, in diameter it can reach only about 20 centimeters. The stems are long, thin and fragile, dark green small leaves grow on them. If this flower is provided with optimal care, then it will turn into a very spectacular small bush, which is often used during the creation of living interior compositions.
Superstition and Signs
Since saltworm is a very tenacious plant, it is suitable for beginner florists. And it can be safely grown in a house where there are pets or children, since this flower does not contain any toxic substances.
Experts say that this plant helps to neutralize the negative in the house, and also to strengthen the health of its owner. It can also absorb the negative energy emitted by household appliances and refresh the atmosphere with its positive energy.
SOLEIROLIA or GELKSIN - the perfect unpretentious plant | Care and breeding at home
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