Neoregelia - home care, the main types
Kind neoregelia (Neoregelia) includes epiphytic and terrestrial plants directly related to the bromeliad family. In nature, they prefer to grow in the tropical rainforests of East Colombia, East Peru, Brazil, and Ecuador (in marshy places).
The leaves of such a herbaceous, perennial, rosette plant are belt-shaped, broadly linear, and their edges are strongly serrate or there are many small thorns on them. The center of the leaf outlet is very often painted in light white or pale lilac.
The inner part of the leaf outlet or the tips of the leaves acquire a deep red color at the time when the inflorescence appears. It comes out of the sinus and has a racemose shape. There are a lot of flowers and they are located in the axils of the bracts.
Care for neoregelia at home
Need bright diffused light. In summer, the plant should be shaded from direct rays of the sun. In winter, lighting should also be good, so it is recommended at this time to illuminate the flower with fluorescent lamps. The room must be systematically ventilated, but there should be no drafts.
In spring and summer, neoregelia grows well and develops at a temperature of 20 to 25 degrees. In winter, it is recommended to place the plant in a cool place (about 16 degrees), in these conditions it can bloom much longer, or rather, about six months.
Need high humidity of at least 60 percent. Therefore, neorelia is recommended to be grown in greenhouses or terrariums. When kept at home, pour expanded clay into the pan and pour a little water (make sure that the bottom of the pot does not touch the water). She is also regularly sprayed. For hygienic purposes, the leaves should be wiped with a damp cloth.
How to water
In the warm season, watering is carried out regularly in the morning, while the water needs to be poured directly into a leaf outlet. In winter, it is watered sparingly and poured water under the root, otherwise the plant will begin to rot. Water should be lukewarm and soft.
They feed in May – September once every 3 or 4 weeks. To do this, use the bromeliad fertilizer, which must be dissolved in water, and then water the resulting mixture with the plant.
A transplant is carried out only if necessary, while the neck should not be buried in loose soil. For terrestrial species, a suitable mixture consists of humus, leafy soil, as well as sand and peat, taken in a ratio of 1: 2: 0.5: 1. Epiphytic plants need a mixture of sphagnum moss, pine bark, humus and leafy soil, as well as peat (proportion 1: 3: 0.5: 1: 1). The drainage layer should fill the flower pot by one third.
You can propagate by seeds and daughter sockets. When flowering ends, a large number of children are formed. You can plant a lateral process, having 3 or 4 leaves. To do this, take a separate pot, which is then placed in heat (from 25 to 28 degrees). It is covered with a bag or glass. Every day, soil ventilation is required. Strong young plants are looked after as adults (but they are gradually accustomed to such care).
Before planting, seeds should be immersed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and after a while to dry. Sowing is done in crushed moss sphagnum, and on top is closed with glass. They put in heat (25 degrees), every day you need to spray and ventilate. They will rise after about 2 or 3 weeks. Seedlings aged 2-3 months are transplanted into separate pots using soil for bromeliads. Such neoregelia blooms for the first time at the age of 3-4 years.
A mealybug, aphid, scutellum or spider mite can settle.
When infected with a bromeliad scale, pests are found on each side of the leaves, which turn yellow and fall off.
You can fight with a special solution consisting of 1 liter. water and 15–20 drops of actellica. They can spray the plant or moisten a sponge in it and wipe the foliage.
When infected with a mealybug, leaflets suffer. It leaves sugary secretions, and then a sooty fungus forms on them. The growth of the flower slows down, the foliage turns yellow and the plant gradually dies.
As a control of such pests, you can use pure alcohol or laundry soap. Put the substance on a cloth and wipe the entire plant. If the infection is very strong, then you can use insecticides such as: actellic, fufanon, karbofos.
A red spider mite can settle on both sides of the leaf. He wraps a leaf in a cobweb and it turns yellow and falls off.
To destroy the pest, wipe the leaves with soapy water. You can use the drug deciss. Systematic spraying recommended.
Settled on the outside of the leaves, aphids suck their juice. Leaflets turn yellow and fall off.
To get rid of aphids, an actellic solution is required (15-20 drops per liter of water).
Can get sick with Fusarium, which contributes to the destruction of the lower part of the flower, leading to its death. It occurs due to excessive humidity.
A sunburn leaves light brown spots on the leaves.
Due to too dry air, the tips of the leaves dry out and become brownish.
Light on Blooms - Gallery Flora - Neoregelia
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The main types
Carolina neoregelia (Neoregelia carolinae)
This epiphytic plant is perennial. The leaf rosette is wide-spread and has the shape of a funnel with a diameter of up to 40-50 centimeters. Shiny leaves of saturated green color have a linguistic shape and a pointed tip. Along the edges are many spikes.
Before the plant begins to bloom, the upper part of the leaf rosette acquires a deep red hue. A capitate, simple, multi-flowered inflorescence is located deep in the leaf outlet.
Oblong white-green bracts have a tip of a pointed or rounded shape. They can be bare or there are many scales on their surface. Four-centimeter flowers are painted in light lilac color. Slightly fused greenish sepals have a rounded shape with a pointed tip.
There are varieties whose longitudinal stripes are pink, white or green.
Neoregelia marble (Neoregelia marmorata)
This terrestrial plant is perennial and has a wide, dense, leaf-shaped funnel-shaped rosette. Belt-shaped leaflets reach 60 centimeters in length, they have a pointed tip and wide-sawed edges. On their surface there are many bright scales, and they themselves have a green color with reddish spots.
A capitate, simple, multi-flowered inflorescence is located deep in a leafy rosette. The linear bracts are ½ part shorter than the sepals and slightly pointed. Four-centimeter flowers have a pinkish or white color.
Dark neoregelia (Neoregelia tristis)
This epiphytic plant is also a perennial. A narrow leaf rosette, consisting of 10-12 leaves, has a funnel shape. The green laciform leaflets reach a length of 60 centimeters, their ends are rounded with a short sharp tip. The front side is bare, and the wrong side has dark wide stripes, covered with small light dense scales.
The inflorescence, immersed deep in a leafy rosette, is capitate and multiflorous. Elongated, thin-film bracts are painted dark red and have rounded and slightly pointed endings. Their edges are solid, and in length they are more than half the length of the sepals.The bare sepals have an asymmetric shape. They are fused at the base and reach a length of about 2 centimeters. The petals of the flowers are narrow, and their tip is pointed, at the top they are painted in bluish color. In this case, the petals are fused with stamens.
Beautiful or elegant neoregelia (Neoregelia spectabilis)
This epiphytic plant, which is a perennial, has a fairly wide rosette of leaves. Lingual leaflets are bent very strongly, they reach a length of 40 centimeters. Their wrong side is colored red-green with gray stripes of scales, and the front side is green, and there is a spot on the top of a deep red shade.
The capitate inflorescence is deeply immersed in a leafy outlet. Elliptical bracts with a pointed tip are almost identical in length to the sepals, and their apex is covered with brownish scales, which are strongly curved.
Flowers located on the pedicels, in length reach from 4 to 4.5 centimeters. Elliptical sepals, having an asymmetric shape, slightly fused at the base, have brown-red pubescence. Blue flowers have bent lobes.
Little flowered neoregelia (Neoregelia pauciflora)
This epiphyte is a perennial. He has a narrow, funnel-shaped leaf rosette. Lingual leaflets have a rounded apex, the tip of which is pointed. Their finely serrated edges are covered with millimeter spikes of a dark shade. On the surface of the leaves there are many small scales, and on the front side there are winding whitish stripes.
The inflorescence, located on a short peduncle, has a fusiform shape and is slightly flowering. Oval thin-filmed bracts with pointed edges in length are less than pedicels. Narrow-lanceolate sepals with a pointed tip, asymmetric in shape, slightly fused at the base. In length, they reach 2 centimeters. Long (approximately 5 centimeters) petals are painted white.
Scion neoregelia (Neoregelia sarmentosa)
This land plant is perennial. He has a thin and dense leaf-shaped funnel-shaped rosette. And on elongated stems there are offspring (daughter sockets). Lingual leaflets have a rounded apex with a pointed tip. The edges of these leaves are finely serrated, they are colored green and on the upper part they have a reddish speck. On the underside, the leaves are dark green, and on their surface a dense layer of small light scales are located.
This plant has a multi-flowered inflorescence. Whole-edge, thin-film bracts have a rounded elongated shape. They are painted in a light shade, and their top is saturated raspberry color. On their surface is a layer of flakes.
Flowers are located on pedicels and reach 2.2–2.9 centimeters in length. The bare, green sepals are rounded and asymmetric at the base slightly fused. Partially fused petals of a bluish or white hue have pointed tips.
Bubbly neoregelia (Neoregelia ampullacea)
This epiphyte is perennial. Its leaf outlet is very dense. Curved, linear leaflets are colored green and have narrow red stripes and small brownish scales. The tip is pointed, and the edges are broadly serrated.
A little-flowered inflorescence is deeply planted in a leaf outlet. The whole-thin, thin-filmed bracts are elongated, and their tip is pointed. They are larger than sepals in size. The pointed narrow-lanceolate sepals are colored green and white along the edge. They are slightly fused at the base. The petals also grow together slightly at the base, their edges are blue and the tip is pointed.
Neoregelia blue (Neoregelia cyanea)
This perennial epiphyte has a narrow, dense leaf outlet, which consists of a large number of leaves.Leathery pointed leaflets of a linguistic form are wide-serrated or solid. They are painted in one color, and on the wrong side there are many whitish scales.
A multi-flowered inflorescence is deep in a leaf rosette. Dense linear bracts are blunt and are the same size as the sepals. The bare, wide-pointed sepals, slightly fused at the base, are asymmetric. Short-growing lanceolate petals are bluish or red in color.
Tiger neoregelia (Neoregelia tigrina)
This epiphyte is a perennial and has a round, dense leafy rosette. Leaflets have a linguistic shape and rounded tips with sharp tips, and short brownish spikes are located on the edges. The leaves are green-yellow in color and have irregular brownish stripes, and at the base they are covered with small scales.
A multi-flowered inflorescence is simple. Shoulder-shaped thin-bracts have pointed tips and red tops, and they are also asymmetric. Leathery, bare light green sepals are oval with a pointed tip. At the base they are fused, and on their tops there are red spots. The petals at the base are fused into a tube, and they are painted in light purple.