Clivia - home care, transplantation and reproduction
Plant like Clivia (Clivia) is directly related to the Amaryllidaceae family. In the wild, it can be met in South African humid subtropical forests. This herbaceous plant is perennial and has very long leaves that are collected in a rosette.
The beautiful flowers of this plant collected in inflorescences are usually painted in yellow, orange or red. These bell-shaped flowers on one inflorescence are approximately 10-20 pieces. Their blooming occurs gradually, and the flowers themselves hold on for a rather long time. At the same time, one clivia has several flower arrows.
If this flower grows at room conditions, then its flowering, as a rule, begins in the month of February or March. If clivia is large enough and provided with good care, then it can bloom 2 times in 1 year.
This plant also has long, shiny leaves that are colored dark green. The bases of the leaves are thickened, and they are very tightly in contact with each other (thanks to this they look like an onion). And they are located on the rhizome. Interestingly, this plant does not have a bulb, which is a significant difference from other amaryllis plants. Clivia also has a fleshy and very juicy root system. It can accumulate reserves of nutrients and fluids.
This plant is quite undemanding. It feels best of all on the windowsills of windows located in the western, eastern or northern part of the room.
As a home plant, flower growers most often choose such a variety as clivia cinnabar (Clívia miniata), also called cinnabar wallot (Vallota miniata), as well as beautiful clivia, either noble (Clívia nobilis).
A variety such as clivia cinnabar has gained popularity as a medicinal plant. For the manufacture of medicinal potions, the whole plant can be used, or rather, leaves and roots. So, the local population of Zulus with the help of clivia rhizome treats a fever, and also makes a tool that can significantly reduce pain from a bite of a poisonous snake.
However, when treating rhizome of clivia cinnabar, particular care must be taken. The fact is that it contains some alkaloids, which makes it very toxic. Therefore, without special knowledge, it is better not to engage in self-medication.
Clivia care at home
Caring for clivia is quite simple, the main thing to remember is that you need to disturb it only as a last resort. So, it is not recommended to rearrange, loosen, transplant, polish, and also trim.
This plant reacts extremely negatively to direct rays of the sun, therefore it needs to be shaded from them. It feels excellent on the windowsills of windows located in the eastern or western part of the room. It can also be placed on the northern windowsill, but it is worth considering that there the growth of clivia will slow down and, most likely, flowering will not occur at all. In the warm season, it is recommended to move the flower to the street and choose penumbra for its placement.
This flower feels very good at ordinary room temperature. During the growing season, it is best to provide the plant with a temperature in the range of 20–25 degrees. During the rest period, which begins in the month of October, the air temperature in the room should be reduced to 12-14 degrees. After clivia has a peduncle, it is placed in a room with an air temperature of 18–20 degrees.
This flower does not have any special requirements for air humidity.
How to water
This plant should be watered sparingly, while making sure that no water accumulates in the pan.During the dormant period, the flower is not watered at all, or it is done extremely rarely. After the buds on the peduncle begin to form, clivia begins to be watered abundantly and exclusively warm water is used for this.
It is necessary to feed the plant only during its flowering, as well as active growth. So, during flowering, fertilizer should be applied to the soil 2 times a month. In this case, fertilizers are selected that contain a small amount of nitrogen. This is due to the fact that nitrogen can cause the absence of a second flowering, but the foliage will grow very well.
Features of the rest period
Clivia definitely needs to ensure a period of rest, because this is the key to regular and very good flowering. As a rule, its beginning falls on the month of October or November. The duration of this period is 2-3 months. In order for the plant to go into a dormant period, in autumn it must be not only placed in a cool room, but also significantly reduced watering.
It is impossible to bring fertilizers into the ground at this time. The recommended temperature in the room in which clivia is contained is 10-12 degrees. However, if this is not possible, then at ordinary room temperature the rest period proceeds quite well. In the event that the plant begins to take off the leaves, it needs to be urgently watered (quite a bit).
While the young plant in his flowering occurs only 1 time per year. After the flower becomes an adult, it will bloom twice a year (but this is if it is absolutely healthy). At the end of the dormancy period, clivia forms a flower arrow, and after it reaches a height of 10-15 centimeters, the flower is moved to a room with normal room temperature and is provided with abundant watering. This plant is not recommended to be touched until the flower arrow has fully grown, it is only allowed to water it at this time (infrequently and a little). It should be borne in mind that a sharp change in temperature can provoke a halt in the development of buds. In the case when the flower at rest was at room temperature, he just needs to increase watering. In this case, you need to water the plant with warm water in order to activate the growth of the peduncle. Moving a flower pot during budding and flowering is prohibited.
When the flowering is over, do not stop watering and fertilizing the flower. In the last summer months, flowering may occur again. In the case when the peduncle does not appear, the plant can provide an artificial period of rest. To do this, it is rearranged in a dark and cool place, they are not fed, and watering is extremely rare. After a few weeks, you can see that clivia has formed a peduncle.
It is worth knowing that flowering can occur without a dormant period, but that’s all, because this plant is extremely unpretentious. It can adapt to almost any conditions, and at least once a year, clivia will bloom. It is noteworthy that flowering occurs every time at different times.
Seeds can be obtained from the plant, but artificial pollination is used. Green fruits acquire a red-orange hue only after a year. At the same time, you need to know that during fruiting the plant must be regularly fed. Seeds can only be harvested after the fruits are soft.
For this plant, an earth mixture consisting of leaf and turf land, as well as sand, taken in a ratio of 2: 2: 1, is suitable. You can also mix humus, turf and peat soil, taken in a ratio of 1: 2: 1, and pour a little sand. Do not forget about good drainage.
How to transplant
A transplant is carried out only when absolutely necessary, for example, when the roots cease to fit in the pot. It is better to limit yourself to transshipment in order to protect the roots from damage that can lead to decay of the root system, especially if the soil is too wet. The pot should be taken a little more than the previous one.
How to propagate
Propagated by lateral children and seeds. Side children are disconnected from the adult flower during transplantation, while they must have at least four leaves. For planting use small pots filled with a mixture of sand and leafy soil. Water moderate. Flowering will come in 2 or 3 years.
Sowing seeds produce shortly after they ripen. For sowing, use a mixture of sand and turf soil. Seedlings will appear in 1–1.5 months. A transplant is carried out after the appearance of 1 leaflet. Growth is very slow, and such clivia will bloom only after 3 or 4 years.
A mealybug or scutellum can settle. To destroy them, wipe the plant with a sponge dampened in soapy water and treat it with a solution of Actellik.
- Short flower stalk - low humidity or too cold.
- Leaflets are very pale - lack of nutrients. Feed the flower.
- Peduncle growth stopped - most likely, a prolonged period of rest. Water the plant more often with warm water (temperature not higher than 40 degrees).
- The appearance of reddish or white spots on the foliage - burns left by the sun. Move to a shaded place.
- Flowering does not occur - lack of light or high air temperature. Provide the plant with a full rest period.
Clivia. HOW TO MAKE A CLIVIA A FLOWER. ANSWER TO THE SUBSCRIBERS QUESTION
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