Indoor pineapple - care and growing at home
The only plant with edible fruits from the bromeliad family is pineapple. And this plant is also widely used for growing indoors, because it has a spectacular appearance.
This genus was first described by a European botanist, and this happened back in 1735. The name pineapple comes from the local name of this plant, but it was slightly distorted. This plant comes from Paraguay, Colombia, Brazil, as well as Venezuela.
This genus combines 8 different species that can be met under natural conditions, and almost half of them are grown in greenhouses.
Often, only 2 species are grown indoors. These are such as: crested pineapple (Ananas comosus) and bract pineapple (Ananas bracteatus). Under natural conditions, these plants can reach a height of 100 centimeters, and in diameter all 200 centimeters.
Pineapple grown indoors does not reach this size. So, if he is provided with good care, then he can grow up to only 70 centimeters in height.
Pineapple room care
He loves heat very much, therefore, in winter and summer, the room where the pineapple is located should not be colder than 16-17 degrees. The plant will best grow and develop if the temperature on the windowsill (where it is) is kept at 22–25 degrees year-round.
She loves light very much, so to place it, one must choose a well-lit place. In the autumn-winter period, experts recommend organizing plant backlighting.To do this, use fluorescent lamps, and the backlight should last about 8-10 hours.
How to water
Watering should be plentiful in the summer, however, it should be noted that watering should be carried out only when the soil is completely dry. For irrigation, lukewarm water (30–35 degrees) is used, which has been left for at least 1 day. From the last autumn weeks until the end of the winter period, watering should be greatly reduced, since at this time a very small amount of water is enough for the plant.
And in the warm season, the plant needs regular spraying and from time to time it needs a warm shower.
Suitable acidic (pH 4.0-5.0) and loose earth. A suitable soil mixture consists of humus, sod land, coarse sand and chopped peat, which must be taken in a ratio of 2: 3: 1: 3. The substrate must be permeable and loose. A wide and low flower pot is suitable for pineapple, because its roots are close to the surface of the soil.
It is necessary to feed in the spring and summer 1 time in 2 weeks. Nitrogen fertilizer is suitable for this, or rather, purchased organic fertilizer or mullein infusion.
It is necessary to transplant the pineapple only in case of emergency, namely, when the root system ceases to fit in the pot. And without apparent need to disturb the plant should not be.
You can propagate by rooting the top of the ripe fruit or by separating the basal rosettes. The top (sultan) is carefully cut out, waiting until it dries a little, and then planted for rooting.Rooting will occur faster (after 2–4 weeks), if the container with the top is placed in a warm place, there must also be regular moisturizing. Still experts advise to cover the plant with a cap from a plastic bag or a glass jar.
As a rule, the flowering of pineapple is observed from May to July, but sometimes it can begin to bloom in December. Only adult plants that are 3-4 years old can bloom. The fertility is quite compact and similar to a lump. Ripening occurs after 4 or 5 months. On top of the fruit is formed a spectacular shortened shoot, which is also called the Sultan. In order to significantly approximate the beginning of flowering, you need to put the pot in a bag filled with ripe apples. Fruits emit gas (ethylene), and it helps to accelerate flowering.
Diseases, pests and possible problems
The tips of leaflets begin to dry out. - excessively low humidity. This plant is very fond of moisture, so if there are such signs, you need to increase the humidity in the room.
Mold appeared on the walls of the tank and the ground - This is due to excessive watering in the winter. Mold should be removed with a cloth, making watering more scarce.
There are small light spots on the leaflets. - this, as a rule, suggests that pests such as false shields have settled on the pineapple. To get rid of them, you need to process the leaves with a solution of potassium permanganate.
Rotten root system - this happens when the pineapple is in a cool and too humid place.Experts recommend trimming the lower part of the trunk to healthy tissue, and root the remaining tip.
Pineapple grows extremely slowly - this can be observed when the plant is in a cool place (while the temperature of the soil should also be low). Put the plant in heat and water it with lukewarm water.
Infection with harmful insects is extremely rare.
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