Scutellaria: home care, transplantation and reproduction
An herbaceous plant like scutellaria is evergreen. It is directly related to the family Labiaceae (Lamiaceae). Under natural conditions, it can be met in almost any corner of the planet. The name scutellaria is derived from the Latin word scutellum - “shield”. It takes into account the structure of the flower. So, his upper lip has a transverse scaly fold, which is similar in appearance to the scutellum. At home, only one species of this flower is grown - Costa Rican scutellaria.
Costarican scutellaria (Scutellaria costaricana) - this perennial is a shrub or herbaceous plant. Its slightly lignified shoots in height reach from 20 to 60 centimeters and have 4 faces. Green oppositely arranged leaves have an elliptical-heart-shaped shape and a crested edge. Flowers grow in the leaf sinuses and have a length of 5 to 6 centimeters. They are part of inflorescences having the shape of an ear. The tube of two-lipped flowers is orange-red, it is compressed from the sides and forms an angle from above. The yellowish corollas are almost completely closed. They are folded in such a way that they form a kind of helmet. Due to this feature of flowers, this plant is called Shlemnik.
Home Care for Skutellaria
Such a plant is photophilous.He needs a well-lit place, but the light must be diffused. It is recommended to place on a window in the western or eastern part of the room. When placed on a southern window in summer, skutellarium must be protected from direct sunlight. If there is little light, then flowering is absent, and the leaves become faded.
In the warm season, the plant feels best at a temperature of 20 to 25 degrees. In winter, the temperature should be reduced to 10-15 degrees.
Needs high humidity. In this regard, the foliage should be systematically moistened from the sprayer, as well as expanded clay should be poured into the pan and a small amount of water should be poured, but be careful not to contact the liquid and the bottom of the container. For hygienic purposes, a flower needs to be systematically showered.
How to water
Watering in spring and summer should be plentiful. However, liquid stagnation in the substrate should not be. With the onset of winter, less water is watered, but at the same time, soil drying should not be allowed. Water must be soft. You can use both lukewarm water and room temperature.
During intensive growth, fertilizing should be carried out 2 or 3 times a month. To do this, use complex liquid fertilizer for flowering plants.
Pruning should be done once a year in spring. In this case, a shoot of 5 to 15 centimeters long should remain.
Transplantation is carried out 1 time in 2 or 3 years.It requires loose soil, well permeable to water and air. For the preparation of earth mixtures, turf and sheet earth, as well as sand, taken in a ratio of 2: 2: 1 should be combined. You can buy universal soil for flowering plants. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom.
For propagation, seeds and the method of cuttings are used.
Peat mixed with perlite is used to root the cuttings. On top of the stalk should be covered with a cap or a transparent bag. For better rooting, it is necessary to maintain a temperature of about 25 degrees, and still need lower heating. Grown up young plantlets must be nipped over 4 leaf. This will help make branching stronger. Then they can be planted in permanent pots of several flowers in one.
Pests and diseases
The main pest is aphid. It can be sick with various fungal diseases that arise due to stagnation of fluid in the soil.