Skolopendrovy leaflet: home care, transplantation
Plant like skolopendrovy leaflet either the skolopendra ossula (Phyllitis scolopendrium, Asplenium scolopendrium) is directly related to the genus ossicles (Asplenium) of the osseous (Aspleniaceae) family and is a perennial fern. The people also call it "deer tongue." He hails from the mountainous Mediterranean regions of Eurasia. Such a fern prefers to grow on limestone talus or in crevices of rocks.
On the surface of a short straight rhizome there is a thick layer of scaly film. From the upper part of the rhizome comes a lot of petiolate leathery leaves (wai), which are collected in a bundle. In length, the leaves reach 60 centimeters and have a clearly distinguishable thick central vein. Simple leaflets of a belt-shaped form in width reach from 3 to 7 centimeters and have a heart-shaped base. On the surface of the short petiole there are short brownish-green hairs. The elongated linear shape of the group of spores (sores) are placed along the entire leaf plate in pairs almost perpendicular to the central vein.
The main species form, having a solid smooth edge of the sheet plate, is not the only one. So, there are still numerous cultivars that are in great demand among flower growers:
- “Crispa” - is distinguished by the corrugated edge of the leaves, which is why the litas itself has a “curly” appearance;
- “Undulata” - leaves have wavy edges, and the leaf plate itself is as if picked up along the central vein;
- “Marginatum” - narrow vayi have a wavy edge, while they are divided into blades;
- “Lacerata” - the leaves are very wide up to 7.5 centimeters, while their edges are unevenly corrugated;
- “Cristatum” - at leaflets the upper edge is crested, and the rest of their surface is smooth and solid;
- “Ramosum” - this cultivar is of the greatest interest, as it has a forked-branched vaya;
- “Ramo Cristatum” - such a variety has branched wavy vayas.
Scolopendra leaf care at home
The leaflet is quite suitable for growing at home, but in order for it to grow and develop normally, it will need to create certain conditions.
Such a plant is contraindicated in direct rays of the sun. In the room for him, it is recommended to choose a darkened place or just place it in the back of the room. The leaflet grows best on windows of the northern orientation.
Such a fern has a distinctly expressed dormant period (needs coolness), as well as intensive growth (heat is needed). In summer, it is recommended to maintain air temperature at a level of 20 to 25 degrees, and in winter - from 12 to 15 degrees.
How to water
Such a plant should be watered systematically and abundantly year-round. The potting mixture should be kept in a slightly damp state at all times. However, this does not mean that it should be raw. Stagnation of water in the soil negatively affects the condition of the fern.
It should be watered with chlorine-free water. So, the collected tap water must be defended for at least 24 hours so that all chlorine impurities come out of it.At the same time, water does not need to be softened, because such a fern grows in calcareous soil and responds quite normally to hard water.
Since most often in apartments there is a very low humidity, the leaflet just needs frequent humidification of the foliage. He is also recommended to systematically arrange a warm shower. In order to increase the air humidity directly next to the plant, expanded clay or pebbles can be poured into the pan and a small amount of water can be added. Also, next to the pot, you can place an open container filled with water, or place a room fountain.
Too dry air is especially harmful to young leaves that are just starting to grow. Because of this, they can begin to dry and subsequently die off.
For planting, a fertile loose calcareous substrate is suitable. Such a mixture can be prepared independently, for this you will need to combine finely chopped bark, sheet soil and vermiculite (coarse sand) in a ratio of 1: 2: 1. Remember to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot.
Such a fern needs to be fed very carefully. Top dressing is carried out in the spring-summer period during intensive plant growth once a month. To do this, use complex mineral fertilizer, while you need to take ½ part of the dose that is recommended on the package.
While the plant is young, he needs frequent transplants, which are recommended to be carried out once a year in early spring.In this case, the new pot must be larger in diameter than the previous one. Adult specimens are transplanted less than 1 time in 2 or 3 years. During the transplant, make sure that the apical kidneys remain above the surface of the substrate and are not buried in it.
When grown indoors, the leaflet is easiest to propagate by dividing the overgrown bush. Also, if you wish, you can collect mature spores (at the end of the autumn period) and sow them.
Diseases and pests
It is resistant to diseases and to most types of pests. It differs from many other decorative and deciduous plants in that its dead green mass can completely recover after a while. In the event that the root system has not died, then in a short time from sleeping buds located in the soil, it is able to grow young leaves. In this regard, for ferns, drought, a severe decrease in temperature or a sunburn are not particularly dangerous. Also, if the plant has lost its spectacular appearance, its leaves can be completely removed, and after a while they will be replaced by others, young. But if the roots die, for example, when rot appears due to waterlogging of the soil, then the entire fern dies.