Procussis (Pittosporum) - home care
Strawberry or pittosporum (Pittosporum) is a genus that combines a large number of species of various plants and is directly related to the resinous seed family (Pittosporaceae). In nature, they are found in the subtropical and tropical zones of East Asia, Oceania, Australia, as well as in several regions of Africa.
This genus unites more than 150 species of various plants. The most popular of them is the Tobira pittosporum (Pittosporum tobira). At first, these plants were grown as a garden crop, but then they began to grow as a home plant.
The Tobira Pittosporum is a rather low tree, reaching a height of no more than 6 meters, it is bushy and highly branched. The internodes on the shoots are quite short, and the crown has a flat shape. Spiral simple, leathery leaves have fairly short petioles. In length they reach 10 centimeters, and in width - 4 centimeters. The leaf has an elongated obovate shape, its front side is painted dark green, shiny, with a clearly visible yellow-lemon vein and petiole. With age, all the leaves fall off the bottom of the shoots, and they remain only at their tips. As a result, the bush becomes like a fluffy bouquet.
In spring, abundant flowering is observed. Flowers appear in the axils of the leaves on the apical parts of the stems. They are painted white, have 5 petals, and in diameter reach 3 centimeters. Flowers are collected in small inflorescences. In place of flowers over time, green fruits appear in the shape of a ball. In them, sufficiently large seeds mature, which are coated with a resinous, very sticky substance. When the fruits are fully ripened, the dried capsules crack and open, but the seeds do not fall out and are inside for a long time.
This species has several varieties, as well as varieties. A variety with variegated leaves “Variegata” was also bred, in which a whitish, uneven border runs along the edge of the leaf plate.
This plant is quite undemanding in care, but at the same time it should provide special conditions of detention.
This plant in the wild loves light, and when kept at home, it must be shaded from direct sunlight. When choosing a place to place a tree, it should be borne in mind that if there is not enough light, then all the foliage may fall. And if there is too much of it, then the leaves will change their direction to vertical, and this will destroy the unusual flat shape of the crown.
In winter, the tree should also be fairly well lit, so it is recommended that it be illuminated with fitolamps. Daylight hours during this period should be approximately 13 hours.
In the warmer months, the air temperature in the room where the throat is located should be from 18 to 22 degrees. This tree reacts negatively to heat. In winter, the plant has a dormant period, and therefore it is recommended to lower the temperature to 7-10 degrees.
How to water
It can tolerate not very long drought. Watering should be moderate. So, it is produced only after the top layer of the substrate dries to a depth of two or three centimeters. With a cold wintering, watering should be less common. Between watering, the substrate must necessarily dry to half. The strawberry reacts extremely negatively to overflow. So, on its root system, rot quickly develops and the plant dies.
In winter, when the air in the apartments is dried by heating appliances, and also on hot summer days, it is recommended to moisten the foliage using a spray gun.To do this, use lukewarm and necessarily boiled water so that whitish stains do not appear on the surface of dark foliage. At other times, it is not necessary to spray the plant, but for hygienic purposes it needs to periodically arrange a warm shower.
In springtime, it is recommended to carry out forming pruning without fail. The rest of the time it is necessary to pinch the young stems. An adult plant is especially in need of forming pruning, after it begins to fall off leaves from the lower parts of the stems.
Also, very often a special wire frame is used to form the crown. The branches of the strawberry are flexible enough, and they can easily set the desired direction.
Suitable land should be slightly acidic and nutrient rich. And also it should pass air and water well. To create a suitable soil mixture, turf and leaf soil, as well as sand, taken in equal shares, must be combined. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer that can prevent stagnation of fluid in the substrate, which causes the development of rot and death of the plant (especially during cold wintering).
Feeding strawberry should be during its intensive growth 2 times a month. To do this, use both organic and mineral fertilizers, feeding them a plant in turn. You can also use for fertilizing and universal fertilizer designed for indoor plants (this uses the dose that is recommended on the package).
Young plants should be replanted once a year, changing the flower pot to a larger size. The procedure doesn’t like this procedure and its reaction to it is slow growth. Since the tree takes a very long time to take root, it is recommended to carefully handle it, being careful not to damage the earthen lump.
Adult specimens are not transplanted so often, and in very large plants it is only necessary to regularly replace the top layer of the substrate.
Can be propagated by semi-lignified cuttings and seeds. The apical parts of the stems are cut into cuttings, and their length should be about 10 centimeters. Before planting in vermiculite or coarse sand, it is necessary to treat the cuttings with a special root growth stimulator. Rooting occurs, usually after 4 weeks. Such plants begin to bloom only after 5 or 6 years.
Propagating by seed this plant is much more difficult. So, with insufficient experience, seedlings can be completely destroyed. And in the early years, the plants do not grow much. In this regard, the strawberry in this way is propagated only if it is necessary to obtain many young young plants.
Pests and diseases
Resistant to pests. With too low humidity, a spider mite settles. In this case, the plant needs to have a warm shower, and large specimens should be treated with special insecticides.
As a rule, a tree is sick in case of improper care. In bright light, the leaves become faded, and then turn yellow. If there is little light, then the leaves become monophonic, and the stems become elongated. Extremely negatively reacts to overflow.
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