Kobeya: planting and care in the open ground, growing from seeds
Cobaea liana (Cobaea) is a curly shrub that is an annual and belongs to the cyanosis family. Gardeners cultivate it as an annual plant. This liana was named after Barnabas Cobo, who was a natural monk, and he lived in the homeland of this plant (in Peru and Mexico) for several years. In nature, kobe can be met in the humid tropical and subtropical forests of North and South America. Such a plant has been cultivated since 1787, while it is most often used for vertical gardening of arbors or hedges.
This plant is fast growing. In this regard, the branched root system he has is very strong and has many thin, fibrous roots. The length of the shoots can reach 6 meters and even in some cases much longer. The composition of the next complex-cirrus spectacular leaf plates includes only 3 shares. At the tips of the stems, the leaves mutate and become a branched tendrils, which help the bush to climb up the support, clinging to it with their help. Large flowers are bell-shaped and reach a diameter of 8 centimeters, their pestle and stamens are prominent. The flowers have long pedicels and grow from the leaf sinuses in a group of 2 or 3 pieces or located singly. When the flowers just begin to open, they are painted in a yellowish-green color. And after full disclosure, the flowers change their color to white or purple. The fruit is a leathery box that opens at the side seams. Inside it are large flat oval-shaped seeds.
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Growing kobe from seeds
Growing kobe from seeds is not so simple, but quite real. The fact is that the shell of large seeds has a high density, which greatly complicates the appearance of sprouts. Therefore, before sowing, such a shell must be dissolved to such a state that it becomes like mucus, and then remove it manually. To do this, it is necessary to spread the seeds at the bottom of the container, which should be wide enough, while it should be borne in mind that they should not be in contact with each other. Pour water into the container and close the lid very tightly to prevent evaporation of the liquid. From time to time it is necessary to check the seeds and at the same time remove the sour part of the shell, and then again lower them into the container. To completely clear the seeds from the shell, as a rule, it takes several days.
For seedlings, this plant should be sown in February or the first days of March. For sowing, it is recommended to use individual not very large cups, in which one seed is placed, so you do not have to injure the young plants during a dive. To sow seeds, it is recommended to use universal soil. Seed must be placed on the surface of the soil, while the flat side must be turned down, and then on top of it, it is necessary to sprinkle with a layer of the same soil mixture, the thickness of which should be 15 millimeters. Seedlings appear after a different amount of time. If you have correctly prepared the seeds and completely removed the entire shell, then the seedlings may appear within half a month.
Kobei. Sowing and diving.
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When the seedlings grow a little, and they have 2 real leaf plates, they should be dived together with a lump of earth in a container, which should have a volume of about three liters. This will allow you to form a strong root system and get powerful stems. During the transplant, do not forget to put special ladders made of metal or plastic in the container, in this case the seedling will grow using it as a support.At the same time, seedling should begin to harden. To do this, the plants are transferred to the loggia or balcony, which should be insulated or glazed in extreme cases. Here the plant will remain until the transplant, while slowly getting used to the cold air. As a rule, a three-week hardening is enough to make the plants fully accustomed to the outdoor climate. Then it will be possible to start planting grown and stronger seedlings in open ground.
What time to land
In open soil, seedlings are transplanted in May or early June, while they must remain behind the frost. And the night temperature should not be less than 5 degrees. However, you can’t delay the planting for too long, because the plants in this case will outgrow, and transplanting into the garden will become much more complicated.
To begin with, decide on a place where kobei will grow. For them, it is recommended to choose a well-lit place with nutritious soil. However, such a flower can be grown in a shaded place. It should be noted that this shrub should be protected from the cold wind. First you need to prepare the landing pits, the distance between which should be from 50 to 100 centimeters. In them you need to pour loose soil mixture consisting of humus, peat and sod land. In them it is necessary to lower the plant along with a lump of earth, bury and water it well. Immediately next to the bushes, it is necessary to put a support (arch or fence), since the growing shrub should climb it, and not along the bushes or trees located nearby. In the event that the threat of frost still remains, then the plant will need to be covered for some time with a non-woven covering material, folded in 2 layers.
Kobei should be systematically watered, while in a long dry period, watering should be more plentiful. But it must be borne in mind that if the fluid stagnates in the roots, this will provoke the development of rot. It is necessary to be especially careful in watering if the bush grows in a shaded place.
At the beginning of active growth, such a plant needs frequent top dressing, which is carried out once a week, and for this it is recommended to use nitrogen-containing fertilizers. During budding, a kobe will need potassium and phosphorus. They begin to feed the plant almost immediately after the appearance of seedlings. Then when the first leaflet forms in the plant, it will need to be fed with humate. After this, the kobe is fed alternately with mineral fertilizers (for example, Kemira) and organic matter (infusion of mullein) until the very beginning of flowering. In order for the liana to develop and grow normally, it is necessary to systematically loosen the soil surface and tear out weed grass.
How to propagate
As mentioned above, kobe can be grown from seed, and can also be propagated by cuttings. Cuttings are taken from the uterine bushes, which should be indoors all winter. When the active growth of young shoots begins in spring, some of them can be trimmed and stuck in moistened sand for rooting. The rooted cuttings should be transplanted into the open soil in the last days of May or the first - in June. Such plants begin to bloom somewhat faster than those grown from seed, but at the same time their flowering is not lush and not so beautiful.
Pests and diseases
Aphids, as well as ticks, can live on the plant. To get rid of such insects, it is necessary to process the plant with a solution consisting of phytoerm and potassium green soap. Instead of green soap, you can take a shampoo for animals from fleas (it is also used to combat other pests).
Flowering begins in July, and ends with the onset of frost. In the middle latitudes, such a shrub is grown as an annual, which means that in autumn it should be burned.Seeds in the middle latitudes do not have time to ripen, so they will have to be purchased again in the store for sowing next year. It should be borne in mind that even if you buy seeds of a well-known brand in a store, their germination capacity will not exceed 30 percent.
If desired, you can try to keep the grown kobei until the next year. In October, cut all the stems from the bush, carefully dig it and plant it in a large box or flowerpot. You need to store such a plant in a cool dark place, while the temperature should not exceed 12 degrees. So, for storage, a basement or a cellar is perfect. Make sure that the substrate does not dry out; to do this, water it once every 20-30 days. In the last days of February, the first - March, the shrub should be rearranged in a bright and warm place and gradually increase watering. A bush is planted in the garden only after the threat of frost has completely passed.
The main types and varieties with photos
Kobeya tenacious, or kobeya climbing, kobeya creeping (Cobaea scandens)
This species is the only one that is cultivated. Moreover, in nature there are 9 species of kobei. This species is a perennial vine, which is cultivated as an annual. The birthplace of this plant is Mexico. This creeper grows a large number of stems, reaching a length of 6 m. Cirrus leaf plates end with branched tendrils, with which the plant adheres to the support. Flowering lasts from the second half of the summer period until the frosts. Purple flowers have a honey smell. White kobeya (Cobea scandens alba) is a subspecies of the kobe chain and has white flowers.
KOBEYA - CHALLENGES OF GROWING.
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