Propagation of roses by cuttings at home from a bouquet, a method of cuttings in potatoes
Florists made several attempts to propagate such chic and popular flowers as roses by cuttings. However, only a small fraction were successful. Below, several methods of propagating roses using cuttings will be described, and if you follow fairly simple rules, then it is quite possible to achieve success. This method of reproduction is considered the most successful in comparison with seed and vaccination. The fact is that it is relatively simple, and it can be used even in the warm, even in the cold season. Because cuttings can be taken not only directly from the rose bush, but also used for this, those that are presented to you as a bouquet.
How to grow a rose from a stalk
So, for cutting a rose, several completely different methods are used:
- Trannoy way;
- Burrito method;
- rooting with a container filled with water;
- rooting in a potato tuber;
- rooting in the bag;
- planting cuttings in open ground in the summer;
- rooting of cuttings in the cold season.
Garden. Cuttings of roses.
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The most natural way of rooting is summer in the open ground. Cutting cuttings is recommended in the morning or evening hours. Semi-lignified stems, which have only recently ceased to bloom or are only blooming, are best suited. The main sign that the shoot is suitable for cuttings is when the spikes can be easily broken off. For cutting, you need to use a very sharp, pre-sterilized knife. The length of the cuttings varies from 12 to 15 centimeters, while each of them should have 2 or 3 leaflets and the same number of kidneys. But there should be no flowers. The slice must be oblique. It is made directly under the node located below, as well as 15-20 millimeters above the upper node. All lower leaf plates, as well as spikes, must be cut off. In order for moisture to remain as long as possible, experts advise either to remove the remaining leaves, or to shorten them, leaving 1/3 of them. To speed up rooting and make it more successful, you need to lower the lower part of the cuttings in a solution that stimulates root formation (root or heteroauxin) and wait a while. Also, as a stimulator of root growth, you can use a mixture consisting of ½ part of a small spoon of bee honey, 200 g of water and several shredded rose leaves.
Propagation of roses using cuttings
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Caring for rose cuttings
Rooting cuttings can be made directly in the open ground. For planting, you need a substrate consisting of nutrient-rich soil and coarse washed river sand. Prepare the wells by spraying them with a cool solution of potassium permanganate. The handle must be planted in the ground at an angle of 45 degrees, while the kidney, located at the very bottom, should be in the ground. After this, cuttings need to be poured and covered with individual glass jars on top. If during the day the temperature will be at least 25 degrees, and at night - at least 18 degrees, then the stalk will give roots after about 4 weeks, and a young shoot will appear from the kidney. After half a month, you need to begin hardening of the plants. To do this, daily it is necessary to remove the shelter, and after some time to return again. After several days of hardening, the shelter should be removed for good. By the onset of the autumn period, plantlets will reach a height of 30-40 centimeters. Appeared buds should be removed, since all the forces of a young rose should go to the formation and growth of roots. This is the general principle of cuttings of roses.
In autumn, young plants are recommended to be carefully dug up and placed together with a lump of soil in the cellar for storage throughout the winter. If desired, the dug rose can be planted in a pot and placed in a house in a well-lit, cool place until the onset of spring.
Rooting cuttings of roses in potatoes
Root cuttings of this plant can be in a potato tuber. To do this, in the springtime a trench erupts, the depth of which should be about 15 centimeters. A place for it should be chosen sunny and having protection against gusts of wind. At the bottom, pour a five-centimeter layer of sand. Prepare the cuttings, whose length should be approximately 20 centimeters. With them you need to cut off all the leaves and spikes. From young medium-sized potato tubers, all eyes must be cut. Insert the prepared stalk into the potato, and lower it into the trench. Bury 2/3 of the length, while the distance between the cuttings should be about 15 centimeters. In the early days, cuttings should be covered with glass jars. The success of such rooting is that the part of the cuttings stuck in the tuber is in a constantly moist environment, and the plant is also saturated with starch and useful carbohydrates. This method is most popular. Provide systematic watering to the plants. At the same time, once every 5 days they need to be watered with sweetened water, so, for 200 g of water 2 small tablespoons of granulated sugar are taken. After half a month, begin to temper the young roses, removing the shelter for a while. After half a month, the shelter is removed for good.
Roses from cuttings of a bouquet
The rooting of cuttings of roses from a bouquet is also very popular. But it is worth considering that for this it is necessary to use not imported, but domestic flowers. That's all, because imported flowers before being sent to Russia are treated with special chemicals that have a preservative effect, and therefore the cuttings are not capable of forming a root system. A few tips:
- For rooting, cuttings are used only from a fresh bouquet.
- Escape must be a little woody.
- The stalk should have an average thickness and buds located at the very top and bottom (the stalk is trimmed as described above).
Root roses from a bouquet should be as soon as possible. And this means that if you were presented with a bouquet, then they should donate immediately. To do this, cut off all available flowers and buds. The length of the cuttings can vary from 15 to 30 centimeters. From below, all leaf plates must be cut off, and those on top should be shortened by 2/3 of their length. Prepared cuttings are placed in a vase filled with distilled water. Next, you need to systematically replace the water, until the first roots appear. After this, the cuttings should be planted in a pot in the cold season, and in the open ground in the warm season. Cover them with a glass jar.
Other methods of grafting roses
Cutting in a package
Prepared rose cuttings should be placed in a bag in which the sterilized substrate or sphagnum moistened in a solution of aloe juice (1 part juice and 9 parts water) is previously poured. Then the bag should be inflated and properly tied. It must be hung on the window. Due to the high humidity inside the bag, a kind of fog forms, and after about 4 weeks the first roots appear on the cuttings. Then they need to be landed, as described above.
Planting cuttings in the winter
This method is used to preserve cuttings until the onset of spring. With the onset of heat, they can give root and begin to grow. The point is that the cuttings will not take root until spring and remain alive. The fact is that it is not always convenient to store the stalk all winter in room conditions. And sometimes it is in the fall that truly unique rose varieties come across. To do this, dig the cuttings into the soil.And in order to protect from winter frosts, a dry shelter must be placed on top. In spring, transplant the stalk to its usual place.
Unconventional Rose Propagation Series 23
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Roses. Breeding method Burrito! Propagation of roses.
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This method is quite ineffective, but still it is quite popular among gardeners. The lower part of the prepared cuttings need to be treated with a tool that stimulates the formation of roots (epin or root). After this, the cuttings should be wrapped in moistened newsprint and placed in a darkened cool (from 15 to 18 degrees) place for half a month. And after this period, roots should form on the cuttings.
The meaning of this method is that before cutting the shoots to cuttings, they can absorb the maximum amount of starch from the leaves. As a result, they will become more stable and strong. Experts advise that after the main flowering wave is completed (usually in June or July), you need to select suitable shoots and cut off the upper part with a withering flower and 2 small leaf plates. After the buds swell in the lower part of these shoots, it is necessary to cut them into cuttings. This must be done in a fairly short time, without waiting for the young leaves to appear from the kidneys. Cuttings should be cut as described above. Their length should be equal to 20 centimeters, and they need to cut off all the leaves, leaving only 2 of the topmost. Such cuttings should immediately be planted in open ground at an angle of 45 degrees. In this case, it is recommended to plant several cuttings in one hole. As a shelter, plastic bottles of 5 liters are used, in which the upper narrow part should be cut. They are not removed before the onset of the winter period, even if the leaves and young shoots begin to grow. Cuttings should provide systematic watering, as well as loosening the soil.