Planting tulips in the open ground and care
With the advent of autumn, all gardeners begin to think about spring when tulips begin to bloom. After all, the most suitable time for planting tulips is autumn. If these lovely flowers are planted correctly in the fall, their delicate buds will bloom in spring. If you violate the rules for planting bulbs, problems will arise, which will be very difficult to eliminate.
Time for landing
As a rule, in late September - early October, soil temperature drops to 7-10 ° C. This time is ideal for planting tulips. It should be borne in mind that for the formation of the root system, the bulbs will need from three weeks to a month. And the weather is unstable in the fall. With late planting of bulbs in November, they will need good shelter for the winter (foliage or spruce branches).
Early as well as late landing has its drawbacks. If you plant tulips too early, the rooting process will be delayed. In addition, because of the high temperature, the bulbs are susceptible to a disease called fusariosis. When it is warm outside, the bed grows well with weeds. In the spring, they will start growing and will prevent the tulips from growing and gaining strength. If the bulbs are planted too late, there is no guarantee that a root system will form. They may freeze or rot. The tulip will bloom poorly, the new bulbs will be small, low-quality.
Bulbs that were planted in the spring begin to bloom later than those that were planted in the fall.For tulips to sprout well, they need a cooling period to form substances that promote the active development of plants. Under natural conditions, wild tulip species germinate when snowdrifts melt. Experienced gardeners take this into account when growing these unpretentious plants in their flower garden.
Choosing a place and soil
Modest flowers prefer well-lit sunny areas. They must be protected from the wind, as they are afraid of drafts. These beautiful colors are suitable for any cultivated garden soil. The main thing is that it is loose and permeable. The best option would be sandy or loamy soil. Humus rich soil is perfect. Heavy clay soils are not a problem. They can be improved by adding peat or compost.
Good drainage is an important condition when planting tulips. Groundwater should not stagnate in the soil during the cold season. Otherwise, the bulbs will be soaked and frozen. If the site is waterlogged, it is better to break high beds.
Tulips are suitable for slightly alkaline or neutral soils. Acidic soils are unsuitable for them. It is very important that the soil settles before planting. To do this, they carefully dig it to a depth of 25-30 centimeters (preferably per month).
To prevent perennial weeds from interfering with the flowers, they must be treated with the special Roundup tool before digging the plot. The plant begins to absorb nutrients from March, therefore, direct access to them should be provided in advance. A year before tulips are planted, organic fertilizers are applied to the soil.A fertilizer such as tulip manure is contraindicated.
Tulips need mineral nutrients. It is best to feed them with special complex fertilizers that are designed for onion plants. They contain a complex of essential trace elements and nutrients. If it is not possible to purchase complex fertilizer, ash, bone meal, superphosphate, bird droppings, nitroammophoska are introduced into the soil before planting.
Before starting to plant tulip bulbs, they are carefully examined. Planting material must be of high quality. Large, healthy bulbs are considered good. Patients with rotten bulbs are not suitable for planting. They will infect the neighbors and in the spring you can be left without flowers. Before planting, it is necessary to treat the bulbs with a 0.5% potassium permanganate solution or soak in an antifungal drug.
Immediately after etching, the bulbs are planted in the ground. If time is missed, the roots will become brittle due to swelling of the bulbs. For planting, it is worth preparing furrows with a depth of 10-15 cm. The interval between the bulbs should be 9-10 cm. If the soil is heavy, the bulbs are planted to a shallow depth. And vice versa, on light soils they should be planted deeper. Planting depth also depends on the variety of tulips. Bulbs belonging to extra-class varieties are planted to a depth of 15-18 cm. The planting depth of bulbs II and III of parsing is 12 cm. Children are planted very shallow.
In dry soils, furrows are shed abundantly with water. Fertilizer for bulbous plants is applied to the bottom of the well, provided that it has not been digged. Then cover it with a thin layer of sand. After that, the bulbs are laid down at a distance of 8-10 cm.In order to avoid damage to the swollen roots, the bulbs cannot be strongly pressed into the soil. For uniform flowering, large bulbs are planted in the center, and small ones on the sides.
Bulbs are lightly dusted with ash, sprinkled with sand on all sides and covered with soil. To obtain a pattern of tulips, it is worth removing the top layer of earth from the entire plot and leveling the surface for planting. After spreading the bulbs in a certain order, they are covered with earth, which they removed before that. To make it easier to care for flowers, tulips are planted in varieties.
Tulips can be returned to their original place after 4 years. To avoid cracking of the soil during a period of persistent frost, a thin layer of peat is introduced into it. It will not only protect the plant from freezing, providing the bulbs with an even temperature, but also preserve the root system, reduce the growth of weed grass. The soil will remain loose. When spring comes, peat is not harvested.
Proper Tulip Planting - Video
Proper planting of tulips
Watch this video on YouTube