Camellia: home care, transplantation and reproduction, species
Kind camellia (Camellia) is directly related to the teahouse family. It is found in nature in the tropical and subtropical regions of Southeast and East Asia, in Korea, in the Philippine Islands and about. Java, in Japan and the Indochina Peninsula. The naturalist and priest G.I. Kamelius was the first to bring these plants from the Philippines to Europe, which were later named after this worthy man.
This genus is represented by fairly compact evergreen shrubs, as well as trees. Simple glossy leaves with an elliptical or ovoid shape, leathery to the touch. There are leaves with pointed and blunt ends, and they grow individually or in 2 or 3 pieces. Flowers have many stamens and are painted in pink, red, white, and mottled forms are also found.
There are very decorative species that have very spectacular flowers and foliage. Camellia at home with good care grows, develops and blooms within normal limits, and it can also bear fruit. Beginners in floriculture often make a number of mistakes in the care of camellia, for example, a plant can get a little light, too hot, not enough moisture, or pick up the wrong soil mixture to plant it. And this can lead to the death of the flower.
Care for camellia at home
It needs bright lighting, but at the same time it should be diffused. Camellia is recommended to be placed on the windows of eastern or western orientation. If you put it near the south window, you will need a shade from direct rays of the sun, and on the north side - insufficient lighting. In order to form a beautiful bush, the flower pot needs to be regularly turned a little by little around its axis. However, remember that this can in no way be done when buds are formed on the plant, since otherwise camellia can discard them. In the summer, it is recommended to move the plant to the street and choose a place for it, protected from direct sunlight.
In the spring-summer period, it needs heat (from 20 to 25 degrees). During the formation of buds, it is necessary to lower the temperature, so it should be no more than 18 degrees. During the flowering period, which usually lasts from December to February, the plant must be kept at a temperature of 8-12 degrees. With a warmer content, buds may fall or the flowers will lose their spectacular appearance. Flower buds can form in a cooler room, but at the same time, daylight hours must be short. The room where the camellia is located should be regularly ventilated.
In the warm season, watering should be plentiful, but make sure that the liquid does not stagnate in the soil. Watering is done only after the top layer of the substrate dries. For irrigation use exclusively soft and well-defended water. With a cold content in winter, you need to water the plant very carefully. If the soil acidifies as a result of overflow, this will lead to the death of the buds, and the leaves will change color to brown. If we allow the drying of an earthen coma, then as a result of this, the camellia will discard all the leaves.
Needs high humidity. To increase it, it is recommended to pour a little expanded clay or pebbles into the pan and pour water. Also, foliage should be often sprayed using exceptionally soft water. When spraying, make sure that no liquid enters the flowers.
Camellia needs to be fed all year round, and fertilize it once every 3 weeks. For this, a solution of complex mineral fertilizer is used (1 gram of fertilizer is taken per 1 liter of water).
For better growth of axillary buds, the stems of the plant are trimmed. This procedure is carried out at the end of the autumn period.
Young plants need an annual transplant. In the event that the camellia blooms every year, it must be subjected to this procedure less frequently, namely, once every 2 years. The transplantation is carried out in the spring and at the same time pinching the stems is done to improve branching.
Camellia. [Hope and peace]
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Suitable soil should be acidic pH 4.5–5. Home-grown camellia differs from wild-growing camellia in that it can grow quietly in a land with an acidity of less than 4. A suitable mud mix consists of turf, peat and leaf land, as well as sand, taken in a ratio of 1: 2: 2 :1. For those camellias that grow in tubs, it is necessary to top up the earth with fertilizers annually. Do not forget about good drainage.
Sowing seeds produced in pots with a diameter of 5 centimeter. Sow seeds one at a time in each container. After the appearance of 2 real leaves make a dive into larger pots. As a rule, camellias grown from seeds do not retain the characteristics of the parent plant; therefore, propagation by cuttings is recommended.
Ornamental varieties are usually propagated by cuttings and are done in July and January. The apical cuttings should not be lignified, but in length reach from 6 to 8 centimeters. On each of the cuttings should be present 3-5 fully developed leaves. Cuttings are planted in boxes and put them in a warm place (20-23 degrees). The mixture should consist of sand and peat, taken in equal proportions. Rooting in the summer occurs within 8 weeks, and in the winter - this process is longer. Cuttings need to be provided with regular watering and spraying. To reduce the rooting time, it is recommended to treat the cuttings with heteroauxin before planting. However, this may not affect the rooting process in any way. Rooted cuttings are planted in pots whose diameter is 7 centimeters. To do this, use an earth mixture consisting of sheet, peat and turf land, as well as sand, taken in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1. You can plant both rooted cuttings and plants of one or two years of age. At first, watering should be plentiful, and then it is reduced so that the petioles become lumbering faster.
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In the case when the stem is rooted very poorly, then this variety of plants is propagated by vaccination. This procedure should be carried out in the winter in January. To do this, you need to take well-developed buds from the top of the stem. Then the plant must be kept at an air temperature of 20 degrees. The buds will germinate after 8 weeks. Young plants should be regularly watered, sprayed, pruned. They should never be exposed to direct sunlight, as burns will appear on the foliage and it will fall off. After a year, camellia will need to be transplanted into pots with a nine-centimeter diameter, filled with the same earth mixture. In the 3rd year of life, plants must be carefully transferred into pots with a diameter of 11-14 centimeters. They need to be filled with a special soil mixture consisting of turf, peat, leaf and heather land, as well as sand taken in a ratio of 2: 2: 2: 2: 1.
Diseases and pests
A spider mite can settle.
- Buds die off - this can happen due to overflow, while the leaves turn brown.
- Foliage falling - when drying an earthen coma.
- Brownish spots appeared on the leaves - These are burns from direct rays of the sun.
- Plant dies - The main reasons are: lack of light, high air temperature, improper soil mixture or too low humidity.
Expert Camellia Growing Tips
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Types of camellias with photos
Camellia mountain (Camellia sasanqua)
Either Camellia tegmentosa (Camellia tegmentosa) or Camellia Miyagi (Camellia miyagii) - in nature this species is found on the islands of Kyushu and Okinawa.These shrubs are quite tall, so, in height, they can reach 3-5 meters. On the surface of the stems there is pubescence in the form of reddish hairs, and the branches of this plant are very thin. Leaflets of an elliptical or elongated-ovoid shape have a length of up to 7 centimeters, and a width of up to 3 centimeters. Their edges are serrated, the glossy front side is painted dark green, from the wrong side the midrib is pubescent. Simple fragrant flowers in diameter can reach 7 centimeters. They can be either single or grow in 2 or 3 pieces. Flowers are painted in pink, red or white color shade. Abundant flowering is observed in November – January. These plants prefer coolness.
Chinese camellia (Camellia sinensis)
Or camellia bohea (Camellia bohea) - found in nature in the forests of China and prefer to grow on mountain slopes or in gorges. This species is represented by both shrubs and trees reaching a height of 15 meters. Leaflets have an elliptical or ovoid shape and grow up to 10 centimeters in length, and up to 4 centimeters in width. Glossy leaves are painted dark green. Young leaves have pubescence of whitish hairs, and old leaves are bare. The axillary flowers are painted white and have fairly short pedicels. They grow singly or 2-3 things.
Japanese camellia (Camellia japonica)
In nature, this species is found in the forests of China, Japan and Korea. Such shrubs or trees in height can reach 15 meters. Glossy, leathery leaves of dark green color have teeth along the edge and are pointed at the top. Their shape is elliptical or ovoid, and in length the leaves grow up to 10 centimeters. Simple flowers in diameter reach 4 centimeters and can grow either singly or several. Half-double and double flowers are found, and they are painted in pink, red or white color shade, and also motley coloring is found. It blooms from December to April.
How to grow camellia at home. Garden World site "
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