Muraiya (Murraya): home care, reproduction and transplantation
Evergreen trees and shrubs Muraya, or Murraya (Murraya) are representatives of the Rutov family. Their homeland is India, Indochina, as well as the islands of Java and Sumatra, while this culture prefers to grow in tropical forests. This plant was named after the Swedish botanist Johan Andreas Murray, who was a student of Carl Linnaeus. This genus unites 8 species, but at home only one is cultivated, namely, exotic muraya, or panicled.
Features of Murai
In wild conditions, paniculata muraya, also called muraiya paniculata, is an evergreen shrub or tree, reaching a height of 7 meters, while the trunk is about 13 centimeters across. This species also has undersized forms, the height of which does not exceed 200 cm. Glossy smooth unpaired leaf plates are complex, they consist of 3–9 leaves. The foliage has a pleasant smell. On the surface of young foliage there is pubescence, while in mature plates it is smooth. Fragrant flowers, in diameter reaching 20 mm, can be painted in cream or white, they have 5 petals that are bent back. The fruit is a small red berry that fully ripens about four months after emergence. At the same time, blossoming flowers, buds, and even berries may be present on the bush. Under natural conditions, this species can be found in Southeast and South Asia, the islands of Java and Sumatra, Northern Australia, Taiwan, India, Malacca, the Philippines, Southern China and the southern part of the USA.
Growing Muraya from Seeds
To grow murayu at room conditions from seeds is very simple. In this case, you should know that the seed remains viable for a relatively long time. Before sowing, the seeds should be kept in lukewarm water for 2 hours, then they should be evenly distributed over the surface of the moistened soil mixture, which includes sand and peat (1: 1). Also, seedlings can be grown in peat tablets or soil mixtures, consisting of sand and sheet earth. You do not need to bury the seeds in the substrate, they should be covered with a thin layer (0.5–1 cm) of soil mix on top. The containers on top must be covered with glass or film, then they are transferred to a well-lit place where there are no direct rays of the sun, while the air temperature should be from 22 to 28 degrees. The first seedlings should appear 30–40 days after sowing, and after they form 3 real leaf plates each, seedlings should be peaked in individual pots. Muraiya, grown indoors, is notable for its undemanding nature.
Muraya from the berry. Seedlings
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Home care for muraya
The room in which the flower is located must be systematically ventilated. Lighting should be scattered, but from 2 to 3 hours a day the bush may be in direct sunlight. In winter, it is necessary to ensure that muraya has enough light. Experts advise putting a flower near a window located in the eastern or western part of the room.
In spring, summer and autumn, this plant needs heat (from 24 to 28 degrees), and in winter the temperature in the room should be reduced to 17–20 degrees, because muraya has a mild rest period.
It is not necessary to trim or pinch the bush, since the plant is able to form its crown on its own. However, in rare cases, it may be necessary to shorten an excessively long shoot. In order for the bush to have a beautiful shape, it must be systematically rotated together with the container around its axis.
How to water
In spring and summer, muraya will need to provide plentiful, but not frequent watering. At the same time, you need to water the bush only after a lump of land dries out to 1/3 of the part. The water is used without chlorine and soft (it is mixed with a small amount of citric acid). In autumn and winter, watering should be reduced, but the rules remain unchanged, namely, the bush should be watered only after the earthen lump has dried out by 1/3.
The humidity in the city apartment is quite suitable for this flower, so it does not need to be moistened every day from a spray bottle. But you still need to spray the plants from time to time, especially on hot days.
In spring and summer, muraya needs systematic top dressing: once every 15–20 days. In spring, the flower needs potassium and nitrogen, which contributes to a more active growth of green mass. It is recommended that organic and mineral fertilizers be used alternately for top dressing, while being careful not to overfeed the flower. In autumn and winter, fertilizers cannot be added to the soil mixture.
Young specimens are transplanted every year. Adult plants are transplanted once every 2 or 3 years, but every year in spring, experts advise replacing the top layer of soil in pots. The pot should be chosen so that it is not too small or very large. The soil mixture is needed loose and saturated with nutrients. For example, to create it, you can combine turf and leafy soil, humus and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 2. Also, murayu can be transplanted into a ready-made soil mixture for citrus fruits. Do not forget to make a good thick drainage layer before landing at the bottom of the tank. The transplantation is carried out using the transshipment method, while trying to ensure that the earthen lump does not collapse.
During flowering on a bush, a large number of pale cream or white fragrant flowers are revealed, reaching up to 20 mm across. Blooming muraya is very effective and can become the main decoration of any room, especially when you consider that the flowering time is about 6 months (in some cases, it lasts longer).
Lack of flowering
Some gardeners complain that their bush of muraya does not want to bloom. This may be due to various reasons. So, if Dutch muraya is grown, then you need to remember that from the moment of purchase to the first flowering, it can take from 3 to 4 years. Also, the bush may not bloom because it is grown in overly tight dishes, as a rule, after transplanting into a larger pot, the bush soon begins to bloom.
Murayu can be propagated by seed. How to do this is described in great detail above. Also, this plant can be propagated by cuttings, however, it should be noted that this method is unreliable. Semi-lignified cuttings are cut from one-year-old shoots. For rooting, cuttings should be planted in wet sand, perlite, peat or they can be lowered into a glass of water. Cuttings need heat (from 26 to 30 degrees), on top they need to be covered with a transparent cap made of polyethylene or a glass jar. It would be very good if the cuttings provide lower heating.
Propagation of muraya by cuttings is possible in September – November. Rooted cuttings need to be transplanted into individual pots filled with fertile loose soil mixture, while at the bottom you need to make a good drainage layer.
Diseases and pests of murai
If muraye does not have enough light, as well as with excessively low humidity or improper watering, problems can begin with it. For example, a fungal disease may develop on a bush or spider mites or scabies, which feed on sucking out cell sap from various parts of the plant, will settle on it.To destroy pests, muraya must be treated twice or thrice with a solution of acaricide (Karbofos or Aktellik), while the interval between sessions must be maintained at an interval of 7 days. If the bush is affected by a fungal disease, then it must be sprayed with a solution of fungicide (Fitosporin-M, Fundazol, Oksikhom or another similar drug). However, in order to cure a plant, it is very important to begin to properly care for it, as well as create optimal conditions for its growth and development.
Types and varieties of muraya
It was already mentioned above that in room conditions, flower growers cultivate only varieties of paniculata murai, for example:
- Min-a-min. This variety is a compact form of the garden variety Smart Choice. The height of such a bushy plant is about 100 cm, it is characterized by rapid growth. In regions with a mild, warm climate, this variety can also be grown on the garden plot, creating magnificent hedges.
- Minima. The height of such a miniature plant is from 0.4 to 0.6 m, it is characterized by slow growth, and flowering begins in the first year of life. This variety is excellent for indoor cultivation.
- Dwarf compact. This is a dwarf variety, the height of the bush does not exceed 10-15 centimeters, the length of the oval leaf blades is about 0.5 cm. This variety is considered the most demanding care and growing conditions.
You can sometimes find ads in which they offer to purchase Dutch murayu. But this is just paniculata muraya, which was imported from Holland for sale.
Home care for muraya
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Properties of muraya: harm and benefit
The healing properties of muraya
Already in ancient Egypt they knew that muraya has medicinal properties. There are many myths about this plant, and its history is shrouded in mystery. But what is the use of this plant, called the "tree of Japanese emperors"? Hesperidin is part of the foliage - this bitter glycoside affects the permeability of capillaries. This plant also has an anti-inflammatory, fixing and wound healing effect, so it is used in alternative medicine for gastritis, diarrhea, dysentery and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as for various wounds. Foliage is also used externally for pain and aching joints. And the juice obtained from the leaves effectively eliminates headaches and toothaches. The berries of this culture contain biologically active substances, namely: antioxidants and vitamins. If you eat 3 or 4 of these fruits per day, then this will be an excellent prevention of premature aging. They are also used for coronary heart disease, hypertension and other diseases of the cardiovascular system. And they are also indicated for diabetes, because thanks to them, the blood sugar level is reduced without the use of drugs.
Making tincture of muraya is very simple, for this you need to take the berry and foliage in the same weight ratio. First, seeds are removed from the berries, then they and the foliage are crushed. The resulting mass is poured into a vessel of glass, into which vodka is poured, with 2-3 tbsp. l the mixture is taken 0.25 liters of vodka. A tightly corked vessel is cleaned in a cool and dark place for 15 days, while you need to systematically shake up the liquid. Ready tincture is taken in 20-30 drops twice or thrice a day for 30 minutes. before the meal. It helps with heart failure, with coronary heart disease, with frequent migraines and as a preventative measure against myocardial infarction.
When using berries, foliage and funds from murai, undesirable side effects were noted. However, alcoholic tincture of muraya helps lower blood pressure, and therefore it is recommended that hypotonics be used with caution. Still, experts do not advise abusing the berries of this plant.
Murraya (Murraya, murraya). FRUIT EXOTIC INDOOR PLANTS
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