Stangopey Orchid: home care, transplant
On planet Earth, there are approximately 30,000 different species of orchids, which vary in shape, size, color. However, all of them are undoubtedly very beautiful. For a long time people were fascinated by these amazing beauties. Despite such a capricious character, people grow an orchid at home, providing it with all the necessary conditions in order to one day admire its beautiful flowers.
So, a special place in the vast family of orchids is occupied by the genus Stangopea (stanhopea). And this plant stands out for its very large flowers (diameter from 15 to 20 centimeters), not quite the usual color, as well as an incredible chocolate-vanilla smell. This genus unites about 50 species of various plants. Under natural conditions, they can be found in the tropical regions of South and Central America. Such an orchid normally grows and develops in room conditions, and with proper care, it will delight the grower with its annual flowering.
Caring for the stangopea orchid at home
Stangopeea, like most representatives of the vast orchid family, requires high humidity and bright, but always diffused lighting.
This plant in summer feels great at a temperature of 23 to 25 degrees, and in winter - from 17 to 18 degrees. Experts recommend that the plant provide a daily temperature difference, and the difference between the temperatures should be about 3-5 degrees. This contributes to normal flowering.In the warm season, stangopei can be taken out into the fresh air, while it should be placed on the loggia or balcony, and you can also hang it on a tree located in the garden.
The plant responds very well to regular moisturizing from a sprayer. However, it must be ensured that the droplets of water during spraying do not appear on the surface of young growths or flowers, since they can quickly rot. Experienced orchidists advise spraying the plant from the smallest sprayer, because this type of dew falls where the orchid comes from.
For planting stangopei, it is best to use a hanging plastic or wooden basket, a grid with large cells is also suitable for this purpose. Such a capacity will hold the flower itself well, and will also provide free access of air to its root system. Due to the fact that under the natural conditions of this genus, the orchid prefers to grow on rocky ledges or in the forks of trees, it has peduncles directed downward. Therefore, such a flower must be grown exclusively in a hanging container.
To grow such a plant, two types of earth mixtures are used:
- dry foliage and tree bark, sphagnum;
- tree bark, fern roots, sphagnum, as well as charcoal.
In this case, it is best to use the second version of the soil mixture for planting. Such components will provide the substrate with good moisture capacity and a loose structure.And also this earth mixture has a large number of various nutrients that are necessary for the plant.
Orchid Stangopea (Stanhopea). Transfer.
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Feeding stangopeia is recommended only in the spring, when there is intensive growth, as well as flowering. For top dressing, you need to use a specialized complex fertilizer for orchids, while you need to take ½ part of the dose that is recommended on the package.
How to water
Such a plant is very fond of moisture. In this regard, it should be watered systematically, without waiting for the drying of the soil mixture. If watering is sparse, then this will have an extremely negative effect on the roots of the orchid, and deformation of the leaf plates will occur, and there will also be a delay in flowering. If the watering is excessively plentiful, then this will also negatively affect the condition of the plant. So, its pseudobulbs are crushed, and flowering may not occur at all.
With the onset of the rest period (at the end of the autumn period), the stangopeia should be watered slightly less. As a rule, at this time, watering is carried out only after the soil dries slightly along the edges of the pot. For watering and humidification, it is necessary to use water at room temperature, which can be rain, well-settled or boiled.
Spider mites or scale insects can live on this plant. If you find harmful insects on stangopei, then the leaves will need to be carefully washed with a lukewarm soapy solution, after which it is treated with an insecticide.
As a rule, such a flower can be propagated by dividing its rhizome into parts. Moreover, the division is recommended during the transplant. And you need to transplant the plant 1 time in 3 years in the spring. The rhizome is divided in such a way that on each divide there are several pseudobulbs. For division use a well-ground, disinfected knife. The cuts in the cuts should be treated with chopped charcoal to prevent infection. An orchid of this genus will bloom only when its rhizome has grown well and there will be at least 5 or 6 pseudobulbs. In this regard, stangopei should be planted in a container taken "for growth".
This is an incredibly beautiful plant. It has gorgeous large flowers with a fancy color and shape. The opened stangopeia flowers are able to bewitch with its beauty.
Tiger stangopeia, or the Orchid bull, has blossomed in the Pharmaceutical Garden
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