Royal begonia (Rex): home care, watering and transplanting
Begonia rex considered one of the most beloved and beautiful flowers, which is also called royal begonia. It is distinguished by the fact that it has magnificent leaves of the most diverse shapes and colors: round, elongated, oval, heart-shaped, smooth, maple-shaped, scaly.
Royal begonia more an ornamental plant than a flower, as there are simply none on it. The variety of leaf shapes, as well as their beauty, more than make up for the lack of flowering.
She also enjoys such great recognition among flower growers because begonia is an unpretentious plant with fairly simple care.
Begonia care at home
Location and Light
All types of begonias are characterized by the presence of a saturated bright green color of the leaves, which is ensured by a sufficient amount of light. With a lack of light, the begonia leaves will lose their bright colors and become pale. In this case, from the action of direct sunlight, burns may appear on the begonia leaves, as a result of which the leaves begin to curl. In the summer, when the sun's rays have maximum activity, it is better to shade the plant, but in the winter, its place is on the southern windowsill, where it will be comfortable. The ideal place where she will suffer is partial shade.
This is a thermophilic plant, because it comes from the tropics or subtropics. The optimum temperature is considered to be from + 16 ° С to + 22 ° С, but in the summer period it does not need heat at all, just like drafts. She feels great in the fresh air, so she can be taken outside, finding a suitable place.
In the winter, it should be identified on the insulated balcony or loggia, with a temperature of no more than + 16 ° С. The most important thing at this time is not to harm her with watering: since it is dangerous, both overflow and underfill. With an excess of moisture, begonia can immediately discard the leaves.
Having identified begonia on the balcony, it is necessary to install it so that it does not stand close to the cold window. If the root system does not receive the required amount of heat, then it will cease to nourish begonia, and the leaves, which will be closer to the warm side, will quickly dry out. A decorative plant will become unattractive, and will also come to its proper form for a long time.
Begonia should be watered, especially in the summer, abundantly, otherwise it will not be able to survive the dry soil. As soon as the outer layer of soil in the pot begins to dry out, the begonia should be watered right there.
Begonia is not against moist air, but you should not spray it, as brown spots may appear, which will reduce the decorativeness of the plant to zero. To moisten the air around the plant, you can put the pot in a bowl with moistened expanded clay or put a bucket of water next to the begonia that will moisturize the air.
Begonia varieties with large leaves tend to collect a lot of dust. Therefore, once every 2-3 weeks it is advisable to wipe the leaves of the plant with a damp sponge or cloth.
When carrying out all manipulations with begonia, it should be remembered that the plant is fragile and with inaccurate movements you can easily harm the begonia.
Royal begonia responds well to regular, once a month, top dressing. For this, you can use complex mineral fertilizers. In this case, you should adhere to a certain technology, which consists in the fact that the plant, before fertilizing, is first watered. Fertilizing on dry roots is not recommended, as this can harm the root system.
Along with mineral, begonia can be fed with organic fertilizers. For this, fermented horse or cow manure diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5 is suitable.
Begonia needs an annual transplant and rejuvenation every 3-4 years. In other words, every 3-4 years a new stalk is planted, which subsequently replaces the old begonia. When replanting a plant, you can use the purchased soil or prepare it yourself, as it is not difficult. The substrate for planting begonias consists of: 2 parts of leafy land, 1 part of sod land and 1 part of peat and coarse river sand. In the finished substrate, you can add bark of coniferous trees, vermiculite, leaf or sod humus. This will allow the soil to breathe. In this case, you should pay attention to the presence of effective drainage so that the water in the tank does not stagnate.
When transplanting, you should choose a wide, but not deep vessel. This is due to the structure of the root system of begonia.
Alternatively, you can plant several begonias of different varieties in one suitable container. The result can be a very original decorative composition.
Begonia is a plant that can be propagated by any available means: dividing the root system, cuttings and seeds. Sliced cuttings (can be taken both from the stems and from the leaves) are rooted in water from moist but loose soil, and they can be treated with root formation stimulants. To prevent moisture from evaporating, the cuttings are covered with a film.
A very interesting version of begonia propagation by particles of leaves cut into small triangles. In this case, you need to ensure that at the top of each triangle there is a vein. After that, the cut triangles are firmly pressed to the ground and covered with a film. The film needs to be raised every day for ventilation, and after a month you can see how new shoots appear on the trimmed parts of the leaves. After this, you need to wait for them to grow stronger and transplant for further growth.
To get young plants from the root system, it is necessary to separate part of the roots during transplantation and place them in a light substrate. After a certain time, young shoots will appear at the rhizome site.
Royal begonia is an ideal decorative and deciduous plant for the living room, where many people gather with different energies and with various hidden thoughts. Begonia is able to create an ideal atmosphere for communication, which will allow guests to feel easy and at ease.
Flower astrology claims that the forces of Mars affect the leaves of begonia. A person falling under such forces becomes more decisive in his actions. This houseplant transfers the power of Mars to man, and he makes important decisions in the shortest possible time. By transmitting celestial energy to man, begonia promotes the development of oratorical qualities. This ornamental plant takes its place of honor among teachers, writers, journalists, politicians, as well as lecturers, where the ability to speak is the main place in career growth.
Begonia is useful to grow in a family where there is a heavy smoker or a patient with bronchial asthma. It not only treats people with respiratory diseases, but also prevents their appearance.
ROYAL BEGONIA. REPRODUCTION.
Watch this video on YouTube
Royal begonia, despite its seeming unpretentiousness, is very sensitive to changes in conditions of detention, as well as to poor quality care. During periods when the begonia begins to weaken, uninvited guests such as the spider mite, scabies, and thrips visit it, which cause it a lot of “suffering”. If you do not fight against such parasites, the plant will wither and you will have to say goodbye to it. But beauty is what! What should be done in such cases? The easiest way is to manually save the begonia from such an invasion, while you need to remove flowers standing next to them so that infection does not occur. After that, make a water-soap solution and spray the plant with the leaves.If the case is severely neglected, then insecticide cannot be dispensed with treating begonia.
Amateur gardeners, and simple housewives adore this plant for its original and unique look, which can refresh any environment and decorate the interior. At the same time, each type of royal begonia is radically different from its "brother". The drawing of flowers is so interesting that you can stand and be amazed for a long time, while studying each spot and each drawing, having completely different shades. At the same time, you realize that nature has not stinted in relation to begonia, neither for a while, nor for paints. This flower is fascinating at first sight and, at the same moment, there is a huge desire to grow the same miracle at home.
Begonia - cultivation, care, watering, disease, processing, reproduction, cuttings, pests
Watch this video on YouTube